By Nicolas Gosselin
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According to a study published by the Odoxa Institute on October 20, 2022, 30% of the French plan to buy an electric car. Nicolas Garros, 29, is one of them.
With the present conjecture, between fuel shortage and increase in the price of petrolthe young Girondin would like to “take the leap” but he is faced with a puzzle…
In the residence where he lives in Bassens (Gironde), near Bordeaux, there is no solution for recharging an electric vehicle. Take effect, the underground car park is not equipped Accordingly. In France, only 2% of condominiums are equipped with charging points. What’s the point of buying an electric car if the battery stays flat?
For 37% of the French, the lack of terminals is a problem
For years, the music student and guitar teacher had put his shopping project on hold because of high price for such a car. For the French, again according to the survey published by Odoxa, cost is the biggest obstacle to buying an electric car (72%), ahead of the lack of autonomy (53%) and charging stations (37%).
By going to a Dacia dealer recently, Nicolas Garros had managed to overcome the first pitfall: “I was convinced by a leasing offer for the Dacia spring. I was offered a good price and they took my petrol car back at an interesting price, it was a very advantageous offer,” he says.
Except this time the young man was prevented by the logistical aspect. He has no terminal at home, and the closest to his home, open to the public, is not even in his town: it is 6-7 kilometers away, in the Leclerc shopping center in Sainte-Eulalie.
The wire network is there, but not the terminals
“I still want to make my purchase”, Nicolas Garros does not hesitate, even if it means that he has to stuff himself with the rounds between his residence and the shopping center. “I drop it off at the charging station, take the bus home while I wait for it to charge, then pick it up.”
A waste of time of almost an hour and a rather boring organization in perspective… On the other hand, he asked his co-ownership association if it was possible to install a collective charging station in the parking lot, and they told him replied that the topic would be discussed at the next meeting in September 2023! Not before.
Charging stations in owner-occupied flats: what does the law provide?
For condominiums whose building permit was submitted after 2017, articles L113-12 and R 113-6 of the Building and Housing Act stipulate that part of the parking spaces must be pre-equipped to enable future charging station installation:
– 50% of the spaces when the car park has 40 spaces or more;
· 75% when the car park has fewer than 40 spaces.
All car parks must be pre-equipped to enable the future installation of charging stations when the car park has more than 10 parking spaces for:
– new buildings for which planning permission has been submitted from 11 March 2021;
– existing owner-occupied apartments undergoing major renovation of their parking spaces or electrical installation.
In the parking lot of his residence, which was delivered in 2021, however, a room has been made available to accommodate a charging station but it was not installed. Since a decree of 2016, reinforced by the law on mobility orientation adopted in 2019, new condominiums are in fact subject to the obligation (under certain conditions: read the box above) to pre-equip parking spaces with the wiring necessary for the installation of bollards. On the other hand, they are not required to install them.
Installation at the tenant’s expense
The fact is that Nicolas Garros can request, by registered letter and acknowledgment of receipt, an installation on an individual basis, but it is the responsibility of the owner or tenant who requests it.
“The syndicate of co-owners represented by the administrator cannot oppose this installation request without legitimate and serious reason. The pre-existence of this equipment or the decision to carry out such installations constitute legitimate and serious reasons”, explains a lawyer from Adil 33, the Housing Information Office of the Institute.
The problem is that Nicolas Garros is scalded by the cost of the work. “I contacted an electrician, he replied that I wanted it for 2,000 euros. I’m just a tenant, and I’m not going to spend my life here…”, he rejects.
“A gap between words and actions”
According to the National Real Estate Federation (FNAIM), there are two choices regarding the charging system in condominiums: the reinforced outlet or the wall terminal.
“It is basically the budget for this project that will guide your choice. The reinforced socket is the most economical solution (around 500 euros), but it takes between 8 and 10 hours of total charging, whereas the full charge with the wall terminal takes 2 to 7 hours (depending on amperage), but for an installation cost two to four times higher than a reinforced socket”, develops the FNAIM site.
Regardless, the 29-year-old tenant has no plans to spend several hundred euros, or even nearly 2,000 euros, on equipment that he will not enjoy for very long, since he does not plan to stay in this residence.
And since there is currently no collective installation in his home, he would like to be able to count on charging stations being made available on the road. Despite the 85 charging points managed by Bordeaux Metropolis, to which several hundred charging points must be added in private places (such as gas stations, car dealerships, parking lots, etc.), he is disillusioned. Bordeaux’s right bank is largely under-equipped. “There is not much around my house. There is a gap between words and actions on the part of the public authorities. »
Bordeaux Métropole has planned to tackle the matter
Bordeaux Métropole is aware of the problem and plans to address the development of these charging stations. “A Master Plan for Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure (SDIRVE) is being validated and will soon be proposed to the Bordeaux Métropole Council”, specifies the community.
This will set the stage for the development of the network on the road and in the public space and will complete the need for a territorial network in line with the development of the private offer on the one hand and prioritization of the sectors in tension/lack of recharging offer on the other page.
Meanwhile, Nicolas Garros continues to drive his petrol car. Since the time he dreamed of his electric car, he is no longer within a year. But why dwell on the climate crisis if so, he must ask himself.
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