why the electric car in Marseille is struggling to establish itself

Sales of electric cars have increased in recent years, but remain marginal compared to more polluting thermal vehicles, which are still popular. At the motor show on Monday, Emmanuel Macron announced several measures that could reassure drivers and encourage the most cautious to make the leap to electricity.

In 2020, 107,300 electric cars were registered against 42,300 in 2019, an increase of 153.7%.

In the first three quarters of 2022, the electric share of the passenger car market is 12.7% compared to 1.5% five years ago.

However, despite this increase, electric cars only make up 0.64% of the French car fleet.

On the occasion of the motor show on Monday, Emmanuel Macron wanted to confirm his positions regarding the transition to all-electricity.

Following the announcement of the end of the commercialization of thermal engine models from 2035 and the shift that Europe has taken towards fully electric, he announcesyear an interview given to the newspaper The echoesa series of measures to achieve its goal: to produce 2 million electric vehicles in France by 2030.

Despite the announcement of the increase of the organic bonus to 7,000 euros for the most modest households and the maintenance of the tariff shield for 2023, this is not enough to attract all French people. What are the brakes responsible for the reluctance of the French, and especially the people of Marseilles?

According to a report by Ademe, the ecological transition agency, which published a report on electric cars, the economic aspect is considered in the brakes when buying an environmentally friendly vehicle.

When purchased, an electric car can cost more than a thermal vehicle. This is explained in particular by the fact that certain products that are essential for the manufacture of the battery, such as lithium or cobalt, experience an increase in prices.

On the other hand, the electric car is actually more economical over time. In a time of fuel shortages and rising prices, it may be better to turn to electricity. Traveling 300 kilometers currently costs around 10 euros with home charging and 40 euros with fast charging.

And for those worried about the rise in electricity prices, Emmanuel Macron also announced the extent of the tariff shield from January 2023.’From January 2023, we will also extend the tariff screen to electrical terminals to avoid incidents like some of our neighbors. Today the prices remain reasonable, we will make sure they remain so”, he emphasizes in his interview in Les Echos.

During the motor show, he also announced an increase of 1000 euros in the premium for the purchase of an electric car for the most modest households. It is now at 7,000 euros.

Without forgetting thatthe department of Bouches-du-Rhône and Aix-Marseille Provence Metropolis has decided to support the replacement of polluting vehicles with various aids.

Dsince 2019, all residents can benefit from a subsidy of 5,000 euros for the purchase of a new car.

Terminals, suction cup cars, subscription… not always easy to recharge one’s electric car, and this is perhaps the last obstacle preventing the French from taking the plunge.

Owners of electric cars face the incivility of thermal conductors, who park in places that are painted green anyway, preventing the batteries from being recharged. This phenomenon of suction cup cars is common in Marseille, where there are few spaces and the number of places to charge is insufficient. Especially since the application that shows the available terminals only takes into account the terminals that are charging. Which means that a parked thermomobile is not advertised.

Especially since a fine for parking in a space reserved for recharging electric cars is only 35 euros and increases if it is a repeat offence. Not enough to deter thermomobile owners, especially when you know that for inconvenient parking it rises to 135 euros.

On the French mainland, there are currently 260 terminals, i.e. 600 charging points on the larecharge network. And 205 terminals are being deployed. In Marseille, there are 94 charging stations in operation and 120 stations will be added.

The Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Master Plan (IRVE), which will be put to a vote in the Metropolitan Council on October 20, calls for the deployment of 5,700 charging points across the ward by 2025.

In terms of parking subscriptions, the metropolitan area of ​​Aix-Marseille has implemented a 50% reduction on all subscription formulas for environmentally friendly vehicles. That’s €65/year instead of €130/year for a thermal vehicle.

As in Var, in Marseille, it it is possible to pay by credit card via the Evzen mobile application. The Larecharge card allows you to take advantage of a favorable rate of -5%.

Thanks to the purchase of electric and plug-in hybrid cars, CO2 emissions from cars recorded in 2020 amounted to 96.8 g/km compared to 111.5 g/km in 2019.

However, this is still not enough. “Considering both the continuous exceeding of the limit values, but also the improvements observed since the last decision of the State Council of 4 August 2021 […] which leads to the total amount of 20 million euros for the two semesters in question”, the State Council declared on Monday in a press release.

The state has therefore been sentenced to pay a record amount of 20 million euros in fines for not having acted quickly enough against air pollution. Remember that every year fine particles cause the death of 40,000 French people.

Despite the efforts, “the limit values ​​for nitrogen dioxide pollution – which must be respected since 2010 – continue to be exceeded in several areas of France, especially in the urban areas of Paris, Lyon and Marseille.” And once again, Marseille is on the podium in terms of pollution.

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