why the electric car could end up impressing itself in Burgundy and Franche-Comté

Driven by public authorities and large manufacturers, the electric car market is developing rapidly. However, these vehicles remain relatively rare in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

The goal is clear: to produce 2 million electric vehicles by 2030 and to be 100% electric by 2035. In any case, this is the line Emmanuel Macron defends, confirmed in the newspaper “Les Echos” on Sunday, October 16 last year.

We adopt this goal of 100% electric vehicles by 2035. It is necessary to meet our climate goals and is an opportunity to re-industrialize our country.

Emmanuel Macron, in the newspaper “Les Echos”

But this desire to renew the car fleet is currently meeting with very moderate success in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. In 2021, passenger cars with diesel or petrol engines still represented the overwhelming majority of the 1.8 million vehicles in the regional fleet. Electric cars made up just under 0.5% of this figure, d‘according to figures from the Ministry of Ecological Transition and Service for data and statistical studies.

There were very few electric cars sold before 2015“, notes Jean-Marc Jacques, head of development at Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Electric Mobility (BFCME), an association promoting electric mobility.”Before the pandemic, they represented a painful 1.5% to 2% of sales.

Since then, the electricity market has been a dazzling success. “Nationwide in 2021, almost every fifth car sold, registered as new, will be electric“, details Jean-Marc Jacques.”In September 2022, more electric cars were sold than diesel cars in France.

It was estimated nationally that there would be one million electric vehicles in circulation by the end of the year. But we exceeded that number this summer.

Jean-Marc Jacques, Head of Development at BFC Electric Mobility

Sales of electric cars are progressing, as is the installation of charging stations. In Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, network manager Enedis counted an average of 86 of these points per person in July. 100,000 inhabitants. This is an increase of 110% over the course of a year.

However, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté is one of the worst-off metropolitan regions. It has fewer charging points than Hauts-de-France, Normandy, New-Aquitaine, the Provence-Alpes-Côte-d’Azur region, Île-de-France and Occitanie. This is also the first in the class with 128 charging points per 100,000 inhabitants.

Note that the implementation of these charging points should be accelerated. In June 2022, European transport ministers agreed that major motorways will have a terminal every 60 km by 2025.

In the Côte-d’Or, the union SICECO “territoire d’énergie” manages 41 terminals, spread throughout the department but outside the metropolitan area of ​​Dijon. “They have been installed gradually to respond to homelessness“, explains Jean-Michel Jeannin, director.”That is, allowing people crossing the region, for example, to carry out, rather, “increase” taxes.

But these terminals are relatively little used today. So how to explain it? “It’s simple: 90% of refills are done at home“, specifies Jean-Marc Jacques.”The kilowatt hour is much cheaper there than at the charging stations.

At the moment, if you have a subscription that goes well, you can reach the kilowatt hour for 15 euro cents. While on a super fast charger on the highway, you’re about 70 cents per kilowatt hour.

While fuel prices have skyrocketed since the beginning of the year, not to mention shortages, electric cars could very well be the solution for motorists. However, it is still necessary to be able to ensure the production of sufficient electricity. “Driving two million electric cars requires three quarters of a power plant“, concludes Jean-Michel Jeannin.”So if we want to replace our entire car fleet, given the state of our power plants, it’s simple: it won’t work.

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