Emmanuel Macron puts the turbo on the electric car

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The head of state inaugurated the Paris Motor Show on Monday, a few hours after an interview with the daily The echoes in which he describes a whole range of measures in favor of low-carbon vehicles. And confirms his ambition to bring France into the all-electric era.

First axis of this long interview given to echoes : the organic bonus, i.e. support for the purchase of a new electric vehicle. Emmanuel Macron announces that it will be increased from 6,000 to 7,000 euros. The measure will affect half of the households, primarily the most modest. This lift applies to vehicles under 47,000 euros to buy.

Further details were also expected regarding leasing, in other words renting an electric car for 100 euros per month with the option of purchase. The launch is planned for the second half of 2023. It will also be aimed at the most modest households.

In terms of electric refills, there is also promise. Almost 100,000 public terminals will be available at the start of 2023 throughout the territory. Initially, the government wanted to reach this goal by the end of the year, but the account will not be there: 70,000 will be installed in France by the end of 2022. The president hopes for 400,000 public terminals by 2030.

Boost a growing but very unequal market

All these measures aim to continue the exponential dynamics that the electric market in France is engaged in. In September 2022, for the first time, more electric cars were sold than diesel cars. A statistic that needs to be convinced of this growth: In 2018, electricity accounted for only 1% of the car market against 13% in 2022.

But access to this market is very unequal. Admittedly, the electric is more profitable in the long term than the thermomobile because the electric costs less and maintenance costs are lower. But you should still be able to get one. An electric car can cost up to 50% more than a thermal model.

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France’s goal, the president further clarifies, is for the country to produce one million electric vehicles by 2027 and 2 million by 2030, with a 100% electric fleet by this deadline. Except that almost 80% of batteries and electric vehicles are imported into France. The batteries made in France will be produced in the coming months “, specifies Emmanuel Macron. Currently, three factory projects producing 100% French batteries have appeared in the area. ” We are therefore very credible with our goal of being autonomous on batteries in 2027. We can even start exporting after this date. “, predicts Emmanuel Macron.

This ambitious French policy also responds to an EU-wide challenge: the disappearance by 2035 of new thermal vehicles.

To drive ecologically, let’s drive light

A few days before the opening of the motor show, the ecological transition agency (Ademe) published. a report on the ecological relevance of an electric car. He recalls that an electric car runs with a “carbon debt” three times higher than a thermal vehicle. The carbon debt corresponds to the energy and material that had to be used to build the vehicle. Manufacturing batteries, mining minerals such as rare earths, increases the carbon impact of electric vehicles during their manufacture.

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But in the long term, this debt disappears, and the carbon impact of the electric car will then be two to three times lower than a thermal model. This observation is valid only on one condition: the capacity of the battery must not exceed 60 kilowatt hours. For cars with lightweight batteries, such as “city cars”, the carbon impact associated with its manufacture disappears after 15,000 kilometers compared to more than 100,000 kilometers for electric sedans and SUVs.

With a battery greater than 60 kilowatt hours, Ademe believes that the interest in having an electric car to protect the environment is not guaranteed. In order to drive ecologically, the agency therefore recommends driving lightly and favoring vehicles with low autonomy.

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