A recent study carried out by ADEME (Environment and Energy Management Agency) shows that during the entire lifetime of an electric car driving in France, has a carbon impact 2 to 3 times lower to a similar thermal model.
A lower carbon impact
It was a report that professionals in the car market in particular had been waiting for. The comparison of carbon impact of electric cars, whose sales for the first time have exceeded those of diesel in France, compared to thermal vehicles should make it possible to put an end to certain rumours. In fact, 50% of the French population still believe that electric vehicles are more polluting than thermal models. This study shows that in France, where electricity is largely carbon-free, an electric car is “ has a carbon impact 2 to 3 times lower than a similar thermal model However, there are a few conditions that must be met.
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For an electric car’s carbon footprint to remain attractive compared to a thermal model, it is absolutely necessary that the battery is ” reasonable capacity », i.e. ideally below 60 kWh. ADEME experts point out that with a larger battery, “ the environmental interest is not guaranteed due to the variation in consumption in relation to the mass of the vehicle and its conditions of use “. Most electric models running in France have batteries of less than 60 kWh. This is the case, for example, with the Mégane E-tech, the electric Fiat 500 or the Volkswagen ID3.
Specifically, the smaller and lighter the vehicle, the more likely it is to have a low carbon impact. In addition, the study highlights that the increase in sales of electric cars poses major challenges for France and Europe more generally. Experts write that ” The capacity and performance of battery recycling facilities is a key issue for the next decade “. On the other hand, supply of rare metalsthat are needed to manufacture batteries, such as lithium, cobalt, nickel or even graphite, pose another strategic challenge. which requires consultation at European level “.
What are the real costs of an electric car?
In 2022, the electric car market will boom. Professionals in the sector have started a massive electrification. This is, for example, the case with the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance, which has promised to produce 35 new electric cars by 2030. The French car park today consists of 40 million vehicles. However, ADEME believes that although vehicle electrification is an important lever for achieving CO2 neutrality by 2050, it will not be enough. for the transition to be fully effective “.
Many users are still reluctant to go electric because of the cost of the vehicle. The ADEME report shows that over its lifetime, the full price for an electric car with a 60 kWh battery ” is lower than for a comparable thermal vehiclee”. If the purchase price is indeed higher for consumers today, the cost price of electricity is a real advantage compared to petrol or diesel. The study shows that it takes 10 euros to travel 300 km with home charging, 40 euros for fast charging, compared to 30 euros for thermal vehicles.
Over the years, the used market has also developed within electric models. Analysts believe that, as with thermal vehicles, this trend will also improve ownership in France. This should also allow extend the lifespan of electric cars and therefore contributes to global adoption. For car manufacturers, there is a strong stake in the emergence of an offer of smaller, more fuel-efficient and more affordable vehicles to improve the rate of adoption of electric vehicles.
What about charging stations?
This is another question from the French: the issue of charging infrastructure. For ADEME, it is important to ” continue and strengthen the development of charging stations “. In fact, this element is still a major obstacle to the adoption of the electric car. Be that as it may, the first users noticed it, the use of electric vehicles requires us to change our charging habits. You don’t recharge a 60 kWh battery in 2 minutes like you can top up a thermal vehicle. This would be equivalent to making a power call of 1.8 MW electrical. This corresponds to the average electrical power that 1500 households call simultaneously.
Therefore, communities have a role to play. Players are also trying to expand the network of charging stations. This is the case, for example, with Renault and Mobilize, which are about to launch ” Mobilize Fast Charge “. The special feature of this network is that it will be available to all electric vehicles, regardless of their brand. In total, 200 charging stations should see the light of day in Europe, of which 90 in France. This network must be based on an innovative charging device ” which limits the impact on the electrical network and at the same time maintain high power during simultaneous recharges.
Furthermore, the supply of electric cars meets everyday needs, but it does not yet satisfactorily meet the needs for long-distance journeys. The issue of autonomy is crucial to improve the adoption rate.