Data never before seen on the electric car in France

The Watts d’Or trophy gives us a unique opportunity to produce some statistics about the electric car market in France. Here’s what you need to remember.

Our Watts d’Or trophy for Electric Car of the Year is now on its way, the jury’s voting is complete and it’s now up to the public (you) to have the hand, or rather the voice, to express their preferences until midnight on September 30.

By doing documentary research and compiling the data and characteristics that allowed us to draw up the list of nominees in the queen category, the electric car of the year, we were able to crunch the numbers to extract some interesting statistics about the reality of the electric car market in France . Sometimes with a few surprises.

Here are some items to keep in mind without their disclosure changing or affecting the vote.

Data on represented brands and countries

Number of new models released in France and available for sale to the public between October 1, 2021 and September 30, 2022: 20

  • Number of brands represented: 14
  • Number of versions or variations: 48, i.e. an average of 2.4 versions per model
  • Most represented brand: Mercedes (4 models)
  • Number of French brands: 2 (Renault and Citroën)
  • Number of German brands: 4 (Audi, BMW, Mercedes, VW)
  • Number of American brands: 1 (Tesla)
  • Number of Korean brands: 1 (Kia)
  • Number of Chinese brands: 1 (MG Motors)
  • Number of Japanese brands: 2 (Nissan and Toyota)
  • Other brands: 3
  • Share of European brands: 64%

Country VE

It is interesting to note that, contrary to what one might imagine at first glance, the feared (or at least investigated) Chinese invasion is not yet really a reality. Only one Chinese brand appears on this list, MG Motors, with already 2 models released in the reference period, and soon 4 100% electric models in its catalog if we include the MG4, which will arrive in European dealers next October. , or after the Watts d’Or reference period (which explains why it does not appear there). In fact, old Europe is not defending too badly after all with no less than 9 brands out of 14. Also note that the latest version of the Tesla Model Y is not on the list because it has not yet been released. and will not be released in the reference period as it should arrive next December.

Autonomy data

  • The average WLTP range of the 20 models and their 48 versions is 479.16 km
  • The median is 480 km
  • The car with the lowest range is the Citroën ë-Berlingo with 280 km WLTP range
  • The car with the best range is the Mercedes EQS with 712.5 km WLTP range

WLTP autonomy

The Mercedes EQS is quite representative of Mercedes’ efforts in favor of efficiency – with a significant amount of work on aerodynamics in particular – symbolized in particular by the Vision EQXX concept. On the other hand, the average WLTP autonomy figure is quite high, which is a surprise. It’s a safe bet that if we polled people who were interested in the subject, the answer would probably be closer to 350-400 kilometers, it seems to us. The range data is the official data according to the WLTP standard for combined road and motorway use. Most of the time, the two numbers are listed on the manufacturers’ websites, and we averaged the two to arrive at the number listed.

Consumption data

  • The average WLTP consumption of the 20 models and their 48 versions is 18.02 kWh/100 km
  • The median is 17.25 kWh/100 km
  • The car with the lowest consumption is the Toyota bZ4X 2WD with 14.7 kWh/100 km
  • The car with the highest consumption is the BMW iX M60 with 29.5 kWh/100 km

Average electricity consumption

Again, most of the data is surprisingly reasonable, but we know that the WLTP standard is subject to caution and only reflects the reality of a very specific case of “eco-driving” driving.

Charging power data

  • The average charging power of the 20 models and their 48 versions is 148.5 kW
  • The median is 135 kW
  • The car with the highest theoretical charging power is the Tesla Model Y Long Range with 250 kW
  • The car with the lowest theoretical charging power is the Kia Niro EV 2022 with 72 kW

charging power

We note that Tesla with its 400 Volt architecture still leads this ranking, but that Kia with the EV6 and its 800 volts is very close to the American brand with 240 kW in its most powerful version. To be more precise, it would have been necessary to measure the load curves, but this was a very difficult task to carry out on almost 50 cars. However, it is long-term work that we carry out in our Supertests.

Weight data

  • The average weight of the 20 models and their 48 variations is 2,108 kg
  • The median is 2,110 kg
  • The heaviest car is the BMW iX M60 with 2,659 kg
  • The lightest car is the Megane E-TECH EV40 with 1,513 kg

Weight of electric car

It is the measure that hurts. And this is obviously an evil that has been known and documented since electric cars have existed. Do you want independence? So you want big batteries, so weight. For now, and while we await an improvement in technologies, we have to make do with even pachyderms of almost 2.7 tons empty.

Cx data

  • The average Cx for the 20 models and their 48 variations is 0.261
  • The median is 0.26
  • The car with the best Cx is the Mercedes EQS with 0.20
  • The car with the least favorable Cx is the Volvo C40 Recharge Twin with 0.32

CX

So Cx is definitely no longer the relevant measure to judge the aerodynamics and therefore the efficiency of a car, sCx being a measure closer to reality. Problem, practically no manufacturer provides this data. Moreover, obtaining Cx was already very long and complicated because it is an indication that rarely appears in technical magazines or brochures. We therefore settled for that to have an idea and to at least be able to establish a comparison.

Price data

  • The average price of the 20 models and their 48 variants – organic bonus deducted if eligible – is €65,384
  • The median is €53,980
  • The most expensive car is the Mercedes EQS 53 4MATIC+ with €169,850
  • The cheapest car is the MG5 at €26,990

EV price

Along with the weight, the price remains the data that still sticks, an impression reinforced by this list of electric cars published in the reference period. We note that MG is attacking the bottom of the market with very competitive prices, but in the end not necessarily representative of the entire Chinese offensive, whose models coming in Europe (Xpeng, BYD, Nio, etc.) rather seem to be aimed at the middle of the range.

We also notice this in the other collected data 31 out of 48 models are equipped with a battery conditioning system before charging, and 36 offers an integrated route planner. Also, some progress needs to be made on this chapter because it seems to us that these two functions should be part of the essentials of electric travel.

Finally, a short word about the manufacturers’ websites. After frequenting them regularly and especially after visiting and scrutinizing them over the past few weeks to find as much manufacturer data as possible, the general impression that emerges is that it is an unsatisfactory user experience, often even painful and boring. It is clear that in terms of ergonomics and interface, manufacturers seem to favor the graphic and spectacular side at the expense of simplicity, which sometimes leads to aberrations in terms of navigation, not to mention the general heaviness.

On the other hand, it seems that some manufacturers have taken it upon themselves to ensure that essential data such as AC and DC charging power and especially charging curves are not always clearly indicated. Instead, we are entitled to nice animations of load time simulations, which can certainly give an indication, but are often performed under ideal conditions that are rarely realistic.

However, efforts have been made on the configurators, which are generally more intuitive than they could be at the beginning. However, the constant prompts in the form of commercial pop-ups, chat windows and other unwanted animations quickly become annoying.

In a future article, we will offer you the same kind of statistics with the charging networks.

PS: some comments on the article opening the public vote lead us to believe that some did not bother to read (or misread) the detailed explanations on the page before the voting form. In particular, it is indicated that the scope of Watts d’Or concerns cars released and available for sale in France in the period from 01/10/2021 to 30/09/2022. It is therefore normal that, for example, the Fiat 500 (released before), the MG4 (which will be released later, in October 2022) or the Tesla Model Y Propulsion (December 2022) are not on this list. We encourage you to read these instructions carefully, where everything is clearly stated.

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