The history of freight transport in France

In France, unemployment will reach 7.2% of the population in 2022, according to Pôle Emploi. To encourage business creation and takeovers, the government facilitates access for job seekers, retraining workers or anyone with an entrepreneurial spirit to simply set up their own business. However, some people struggle to get started for fear of failure, of undertaking a project that is too ambitious, but also because of the financial uncertainty that independent status represents.

To compensate for this, since the end of the 20th century, payroll transport has been established as a solution adapted to the desire to undertake without taking too many risks. What is the history of payroll transport? What are the most important dates to remember? Overview.

1980: the birth of freight transport

It was in the 1980s that wage transport was born in France. At the beginning of this birth, a sad observation. Unemployed executives find it difficult to find a job despite their skills and professional experience. Several associations of former managers then came together to create and welcome these job-seeking managers. The goal? Find them service jobs without them having to set up a business. The advantages for managers lie in the access to the benefits of paid employment while working – almost – for their own account.

1998 and 2004: National Union of Portage Companies and National Federation of Wage Portage

Great first on national territory. A first union was founded to oversee wage transport in 1998 and answered to the name of National Union of Portage Companies (SNAPS). This association has the interest to promote the benefits of wage transport and to define the tools necessary for its development. In 2012, this union merged with the National Federation of Wage Portage (FeNPS), established in 2004, and has around one hundred members and nearly 300 wage portage companies. The new trade union bears the name PEPS: Professional employment association in salary portage.

2008: Wage transport recognized in the Labor Act

This is an important date in the history of freight transport. This hybrid way of working actually officially falls within the scope of French labor laws. On 25 June 2008, a legal framework is therefore imposed for wage transport. On this occasion, the lending of illegal labor becomes an offence. Wage transport now exists legally in the French economic landscape.

2010: Negotiations and agreements for supported employees

As the profession must be strictly monitored, the trade unions have negotiated agreements regarding wage transport. Here are the changes:

  • leave the negotiation of agreements to a well-structured branch (PRISM = temporary work/interim) and have experienced interlocutors;
  • limit transport to professions and areas of activity whose core business is based exclusively on intellectual services with high added value.

2013: job losses and salary transport

Big advantage of payroll transport: Enjoy the same insurance as regular employees. Thus from 18 July 2013, employees who lose their professional activity can now claim unemployment benefits. To this they contribute every month to cover them if necessary.

2015: the new turning point

In April 2015, a new order will be issued finalize the legal framework for wage transport. The purpose of this is to secure the status of carried employee: to expand the number of people who can access the transport as well as the guarantees for the carried employees. Finally, the use of mercenary transport missions is simplified and made more flexible through a limited-time contract.

At the end of 2015, the decree of 30 December closed the legal framework for wage transport. The government then took a closer look the amount and the financial guarantee for wage transport companies.

2017: the agreement on salary transport

A big news in 2017, the unions voted unanimously for drawing up collective agreement for salaried transport employees. Always with a view to securing this professional status: insurances, workplaces, accidents at work during the investigation phase, travel expenses, etc.

Wage portage has been increasing since its inception. Smooth transition to independent status or creation of a company, this status allows entrepreneurs to test their activity of intellectual services while focusing on value-creating tasks. The payroll transport company then takes care of the administration of the brought employee and provides him with all the reassuring frameworks associated with this status. One of the limitations: the turnover threshold that must not be exceeded annually to continue its activity in the field of wage transport (approximately 30,000 euros). In 2021, almost 100,000 workers will continue their activity as paid employees.

(Photo credit: iStock).

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