Experience the most impressive images ever taken by the James Webb Space Telescope

In the final phase of commissioning, with just under two months to go until it begins effective operation, the observatory has captured an unprecedented image of the Large Magellanic Cloud, a dwarf satellite galaxy in the Milky Way. , located 163,000 light years from Earth.

When the disc was released, Webb’s work was compared to the now-defunct Spitzer Space Telescope – a pioneer at the time in generating high-resolution images of the universe.

A comparison of recordings of the Large Magellanic Cloud made by the Spitzer Space Telescope and the James Webb Space Telescope. Images: NASA/JPL-Caltech (left) and NASA/ESA/CSA/STScI (right)

It should be remembered that Webb, even before the official observations, made the first recording of a moving target that captured the image of the asteroid 6841 Tenzing, moving in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.

And the scientific observations of the James Webb telescope begin

In the many years since the project was introduced to the world, expectations surrounding the science that the James Webb Telescope could deliver have only grown, all the more so given the constant delays in completing its construction and its launch.

It is therefore not surprising to see how the publication of the first images was applauded and had such an impact in the media around the world. ISLAND Digital appearance did the live broadcast of NASA’s webcast, and each revealed recording created more admiration among the presenters, the guest astronomer and the public who followed everything via our YouTube channel (you can watch or review the video here).

On this long-awaited Tuesday morning, four images were shown: a spectrograph of WASP-96 b, an exoplanet located 1,150 light years from Earth; NGC 3132, a planetary nebula located in the rising constellation Vela; Stephan’s Quintet, a cluster of five galaxies in the constellation Pegasus, about 290 million light-years away; and an impressive shot of the Eta Carinae Nebula, also known as the “Carina Nebula”.

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Filled with young and forming stars, the Carina Nebula is permeated with ultraviolet radiation and stellar winds that form this vast wall of cosmic dust and gas. Image: NASA/Disclosure

Apart from these, the image of galaxy cluster SMACS 0723, which NASA had released the previous day, featuring US President Joe Biden, was also shown again.

A month of hard work and fantastic results

In the 30 days since the grand opening, we continue to be amazed by each new sighting of Webb. The spiral galaxy M74, located 32 million light-years from Earth in the constellation Pisces, was one of the most beautiful cosmic structures revealed by the telescope.

It is a favorite target for astronomy enthusiasts because of its orientation: the galaxy is right “in front” of the Milky Way, as if it were looking “eye to eye” at us.

Composition of the spiral galaxy NGC 628 by astronomer Gabriel Brammer with data from James Webb.  — Photo: Color composition: Gabriel Brammer (Cosmic Dawn Center, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen).  Raw data: Janice Lee et al.  and the PHANGS-JWST collaboration.
Composition of the spiral galaxy NGC 628 by astronomer Gabriel Brammer with data from the James Webb Telescope. Credit: Color composition: Gabriel Brammer (Cosmic Dawn Center, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen). Raw data: Janice Lee et al. and the PHANGS-JWST collaboration.

Another record that Webb made that received a lot of attention was the discovery of the explosive death of a star, a catch that could open up a whole new area of ​​research possibilities for the telescope. In fact, it was not designed to investigate supernovae, because although it has deep vision, it tracks very small areas of space.

Thus, the capture made in the galaxy SDSS – J141930.11+5251593, which is about 3 to 4 billion light years from Earth, besides being unpredictable, was of fundamental importance to scientists. the death of very young stars, from the beginning of the universe.

The James Webb Space Telescope records its first supernova
The supernova is visible in images taken by the James Webb Space Telescope as a small bright spot to the right of the large bright spot to the left. Image: NASA/ESA/CSA/STScI

A photo taken by Webb here in our neighborhood is also worth mentioning. It shows Jupiter, the largest planet in the solar system, with an emphasis on the famous Great Red Spot, a powerful hurricane that opens a vortex in the planet’s upper atmosphere and exposes the lower layers of its clouds, with different chemical compositions and temperatures, resulting in its characteristic color.

The James Webb Telescope takes a new detailed image from.webp
Image of Jupiter taken by the James Webb Space Telescope on July 27, 2022. Credit: NASA/ESA/CSA/STScI

Ten days ago, NASA announced that the James Webb telescope had observed the most distant known star in the universe, called Earendel, also known as WHL0137-LS, located in the constellation Cetus, 12.9 billion light years from Earth.

And breaking records will apparently be a constant in the observatory’s work. With each new scientific paper published based on the data collected by it, new candidates for the farthest galaxy ranking ever emerge.

Browse through the most amazing photos taken by

WHL0137-LS or Earendel, the oldest known star in the universe, captured by the James Webb Space Telescope. Image: NASA/ESA/CSA/STScI

Recently, Webb tackled the chaos of the Cartwheel galaxy and revealed new details about the formation of its stars and central black hole. Located about 500 million light-years from Earth in the constellation Sculptor, this galaxy is extremely rare to observe – another demonstration of the telescope’s potential.

The James Webb Telescope captures stellar gymnastics in the
This image taken by the James Webb Telescope shows in unprecedented detail how the Cartwheel Galaxy has changed over billions of years. Image: NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI

The selection presented above is only a small sample of the James Webb Telescope’s great achievements. All this considering that it was only “effective” 30 days ago, after a very successful “trial period”. And – to our delight – he is far from retired.

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