Automotive / Nostalgia. When Cayenne saved Porsche…

The story of the Cayenne begins with a study commissioned by Hans Riedel, Porsche’s head of sales at the time. The question is: “Can Porsche survive with only the 911 and Boxster in the catalog?” »

After a few weeks, the answer from market research drops and it is final. To continue to exist in the XXIe century, Porsche will have to diversify. The “only way for Porsche to find an upward slope without relying solely on the classic sports car market”.


A Porsche capable of crossing, a real challenge for engineers

What will the third Porsche look like?

The decision has been made, the “third Porsche” project is launched. But which car to offer?

Five alternative vehicle concepts are being considered by management. The first three are quickly discarded, and the “final” is against two projects. On the one hand a luxury minivan and on the other a sporty SUV. At the time, minivans were selling well all over the world.

But Porsche cannot make a decision until he has consulted his American team. The USA is a huge market for the German brand.

From the beginning, the leaders of Porsche USA are categorical and have shock arguments. Admittedly, vans were particularly popular in the American market. But especially among families with many children and low income levels.

Meanwhile, large SUVs sold well, including the CSP+.

Porsche USA vetoes the minivan, in Germany the decision has been made: the third Porsche will be an SUV.

A partnership with Mercedes

Quite quickly, Porsche became aware of the need to team up with a partner to design its first SUV. By using an already existing base, the brand will save hundreds of millions of euros in development, while also saving a lot of time.

The first partner being considered is Mercedes-Benz. The manufacturer with the star is to launch its Class M in 1997, and Porsche knows that. Initial contacts are encouraging and Mercedes-Benz is not at all opposed to partnering with Porsche on this project.

The deal was quickly closed and the teams from the two manufacturers began working together. “At this stage, we see the Porsche SUV as a high-performance version of the future M-Class from Mercedes,” explains Klaus-Gerhard Wolpert, Cayenne Product Manager for twelve years.

The Cayenne was almost derived from a Mercedes M-Class, but the project fell through. Porsche Media

From Mercedes-Benz to Volkswagen

“The car would have had its own exterior design, lots of M-Class technology, but engines and chassis components from us,” says the project manager.

The Porsche-Mercedes collaboration, which was agreed in the summer of 1996, went well, but towards the end of the year money issues between the two companies forced Porsche to withdraw from the project. We had to start over and find a new partner.

Although Volkswagen and Porsche are not yet members of the same group, the chairman of the Volkswagen board, Ferdinand Piëch, grandson of the founder of the Porsche company, Ferdinand Porsche, will welcome this project.

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Extending Porsche's success to SUVs, a real challenge for the brand

Extending Porsche’s success to SUVs, a real challenge for the brand

It is forbidden to drive a Porsche!

To give its engineers an idea of ​​the demands of developing an SUV, Porsche’s management will make an unusual decision via its director Wolpert: “I have asked all my division heads to return their Porsche company cars. We bought a number of SUVs such as BMW X5, Ford Explorer, Jeep Grand Cherokee and Mercedes M-Class. Engineers and managers had to drive these models every day, and every month we changed them. »

A way for Porsche to instill SUV culture in its troops. Engineers are suddenly interested in storage space, the height of the loading platform, folding rear seats or crossing possibilities.

The shape of the wings, an essential characteristic of Porsche. Porsche Media

Differentiating the Cayenne from the Touareg

The second challenge will be to make a real Porsche based on a Volkswagen Touareg. The chassis, the windscreen and the four doors on the two SUVs are identical.

“In profile, the doors define the personality of a car. Behind the back door we have maybe a meter left, it doesn’t leave much room to do anything,” explains Mauer, one of the engineers. To differentiate themselves, the designers will work hard and spend a whole year on the headlights alone.

The highest point of the fenders and headlights is above the hood, an essential feature for a Porsche and a real challenge when you have a big V8 engine under the hood.

The Cayenne will be very poorly received by fans of the brand.

The Cayenne will be very poorly received by fans of the brand.

A remarkable presentation

In September 2002, just over four years after the decision to build the Cayenne was announced, the first five-seater Porsche celebrated its world premiere at the Paris Motor Show.

For Wendelin Wiedeking, head of Porsche, the company plays a very big role that day: “This day, there is no doubt in my mind, will have a historic significance for the company. »

Within Porsche, the Cayenne was quickly accepted, unlike the brand’s purists who cried foul. For fans and clubs of the brand, a five-door, five-seater Porsche is already heresy, so a vulgar 4×4…

A success that continues today.jpeg

A success that continues today.jpeg

Cayenne saved the brand

The numbers will show that Porsche is right. While the manufacturer expected 25,000 sales per year, Porsche will sell 276,652 copies of the first generation, or 35,000 per year.

Since its launch, more than one million Cayennes have been sold.

“With the Cayenne, we have succeeded for the first time in transferring the Porsche legend to a completely new market segment,” says Oliver Blume, Chairman of the Executive Board of Porsche AG. And to save a legendary brand.

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