The metaverse is a world of digital products, virtual avatars and functional economies where technology is more than a utility; It’s a way of life. It denotes a non-physical world where people can communicate through various forms of virtual technology. There are several technologies behind the metaverse.
The Metaverse is a platform that resembles a science fiction concept. However, it is as real as the Internet. This technology is new, but before it becomes the new standard, there will be a lot of improvements, trends and changes that it will go through. With time, everything changes, from the way we entertain ourselves, shop, watch movies, to the way we hang out with friends. Technologies like the metaverse make it possible to remove distance and be with people in real time.
In a way, the metaverse isn’t all about comfort or entertainment. It is also a technology that can bring two people who live far apart. The metaverse is supported by many technologies with different roles. Here are the main key technologies that power the metaverse feature.
Blockchain and cryptocurrency
Blockchain is technology that proves ownership and collection. It facilitates the transfer of value, controls access and ensures interoperability. In addition, it provides decentralized and transparent solutions. Cryptocurrencies enhance users’ ability to exchange value while working and socializing in 3D digital worlds.
For example, the game’s cryptocurrency MANA allows players to purchase plots of land via non-fungible tokens. Thanks to blockchain technology, it is possible establish and secure ownership of virtual land.
Moreover, cryptocurrency could one day motivate people to work in the metaverse. It should be noted that more and more companies have online offices, to increase the number of jobs associated with the metaverse.
Metaverse, augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR)
Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) offer immersive 3D experiences. They are a means of entering the virtual world. In augmented reality, the real world is transformed with it digital images. Unlike virtual reality, it is easier to use, and this on most smartphones and digital devices with cameras. Augmented reality allows users to visualize their environment through interactive digital images.
But virtual reality is different. Similar to the metaverse concept, it creates completely virtual environments using computer code. Helmets, gloves and virtual reality sensors are required to view them.
Virtual reality and augmented reality represent the first examples of the metaverse. Currently, virtual reality creates a digital world that contains fictional media. As virtual reality technology matures, it will be able to integrate physical simulations into the metaverse experience. As a result, users can listen, feel and interact with people from other parts of the world through the app.
Artificial intelligence (AI), a technology behind the metaverse
In recent years, artificial intelligence has been widely used in our lives. To mention only its use under business strategy planning process and face recognition. AI experts began to investigate AI applications to create immersive metaverses.
This technology can process huge amounts of data at lightning speed. When combined with machine learning techniquesAI algorithms can gather insights from historical data, learn from previous iterations, and generate unique results and insights.
In addition, AI can upgrade non-player characters (NPCs) in various ways in the metaverse. Almost all games have NPCs (character of a game that is not controlled by a player). Using AI, NPCs will be able to interact in 3D space and have realistic conversations with users or perform other tasks.
AI NPCs can operate independently and interact simultaneously with millions of players, unlike human users. One of the possibilities of AI is to create metaverse avatarse. Using AI engines we can generate avatars that look more realistic and accurate by analyzing 2D images and 3D scans. Additionally, AI can also be used to improve the digital humans we create create facial expressions, hairstyles, clothes and other features.
The process of 3D reconstruction and metaverse technology
3D reconstruction is not a new technology. In fact, it became widespread during the pandemic when foreclosures prevented potential buyers from seeing properties in person. Thus, some agencies have started to use 3D reconstruction to generate virtual tours of properties.
As in the metaverse, buyers could discover potential new homes anywhere where and buy them without going inside. A significant challenge is to create a virtual world that looks as close to reality as possible. It also allows for the creation of realistic and organic spaces through 3D reconstruction. By using unique 3D cameras we can render accurate 3D models of buildings, places and objects on the web.
3D spatial data and 4K HD photography are sent to computers for processing. The virtual replicas then appear in the metaverse for users to explore. These virtual replicas of physical objects are also called digital twins.
Web 3.0 – the next generation of Internet technology
One of the advantages of Web 3.0 is decentralized blockchain protocol. The latter allows people to connect to an internet where they own the data and time and are properly remunerated. This is more advantageous than a website where centralized giant corporations can siphon off profits.
A Web 2.0 is supposed to use semantic metadata to enable computers to understand the meaning of sentences, to generate, share and connect content, search for it and analyze it. In addition, web 3.0 will allow greater coherence between data sources. As a result, the user experience is enhanced to an even higher level of connectivity, leveraging every bit of information on the Internet.
Internet of Things (IoT) technology
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system that connects everything in our physical world to the Internet via sensors and gadgets. These gadgets will have a unique identifier and option to automatically send and receive information after connecting to the Internet.
Today, the Internet of Things connects speakers, thermostats, medical gadgets and other voice-activated devices to various data sources. That metaverse IoT applications is designed to collect and distribute data from the physical world. By doing that digital representations would be more accurate. For example, certain metaverse objects may act differently based on current weather conditions.
Apart from that, 3D environments can be seamlessly scaled to a wide range of real-world devices via the Internet of Things. Thanks to this technology, it is possible perform simulations in the metaverse. In addition, IoT could use AI and machine learning to further enhance the metaverse by managing the data it collects.
Metaverse and mobile device processors
Augmented reality on mobile phones will have to work on glasses like those found in the general public. To make this possible, we need small, ultra-fast mobile processors that can be integrated into conventional glasses, VR devices, advanced mobile processors with low latency and high frame rates. In addition, optical elements compatible with standard silicon components can be introduced. Ultimately, this can lead to speed up data transfer.
Metaverse and edge computing
The use of edge computing is increasingly popular in commercial spaces. It actually promotes faster data transfer with minimal delays. And this is important for immersive virtual experiences of high quality.
However, with millions of people sharing virtual experiences around the world, the cloud cannot support the amount of processing power needed to support the system. Instead of bringing the treatment closer to the users, distributed computing can make the whole experience much smoother.
Startups and IT companies strive to overcome the challenges of delivering an immersive virtual world in real time. As a service, metaverse does not depend on an app to function. Nor is it a world or a game.
Rather, it is a new generation of the Internet that allows real-time interaction. The infrastructure is what forms the metaverse. The latter offers a large virtual world with highly detailed textures. This would require very high internet speeds, high bandwidth and very low latency.
With 5G, millimeter wave frequencies reach incredibly high levels, enabling VR experiences. It is expected 6G will soon replace 5G. However, 6G technology is not currently available. According to some experts, its speed could be one to two times faster than 5g, which corresponds to one terabyte per second. You can afford to download 142 hours of Netflix content in one second.
In addition, the 6G network will enable cyberspace to support real-time human cognition and action, according to a white paper from NTT Docomo. Sensory interfaces using portable devices and micro devices mounted on the body would feel and look like real life.
Brain-machine interface technology and the world of the metaverse
Brain-machine interfaces allow us to do that to control avatars, various objects and digital transactions with our brain signals. This technology should impose itself video games and labor productivity markets. She is not going to play a major role in the early years of the metaverse.
But in the mid-2030s, some early adopters may start using brain-machine interfaces to connect to the neocortex. The neocortex is part of the cerebral cortex of the human brain, responsible for higher cognitive function. Several companies are already developing brain-computer interfaces.