From kindergarten to primary school: Structure space and time

Space-time landmarks can be a difficult task for children. The little ones begin to integrate the notion of temporality from Three years. At this age, toddlers know how to count and recite the days of the week in order, but they are unable to understand its representation in space. These spatiotemporal references are learned from kindergarten with simple daily procedures.

Which tools to structure time?

There are several ways to integrate the relationship with temporality in children at school. Since time is an abstract convention, the use of different objects makes this performance more concrete, and thus more understandable for the little ones. Every year you must ritualize the exercises around time for students to acquire ring system of time and days.

The clock

It is important to have a clock in your classroom to structure the time. In this way, students will understand that it is a counting tool seconds, minutes and hours. The older ones themselves can use it to learn to tell time as their schooling progresses. For toddlers, it’s a way to make them aware of you measuring tool and D’use numbers. Specifically, during a workshop, the teacher explains to the children that the activity ends when the needle is on all three. Toddlers will understand at this moment that the session is over, even if they do not yet know how to use it. For very short times it is also possible to use visual timersof kitchen timers or even hourglass.

The calendar

It is a very useful tool for structure time. It gives the opportunity to make concrete time goes. Every morning the teacher surround the day with a color. It is best to use the same one so students don’t get lost. The exercise ends with the reading of the date, the name of the day, the number, the month and the year. It is interesting that children actively participate in the exercise. Every night a child can came to block the day. The little ones understand that the day is over. In addition, the calendar makes it possible to show and keep all students in the class informed about upcoming or past events: friends’ birthdays, dates of excursions, school highlights… Students like to be informed about class news. Highlight these events in the calendar reduces uncertaintytherefore possibly concerns connected. On the contrary, for important occasions such as birthdays, toddlers feel valued must be emphasized. that“Laurène’s Classroom” calendar is perfect for classroom use. The visuals are accessible to all ages, they are easy to read and there are accompanying images to show class highlights and events.

Time and space are two concepts complementary. Students can learn to connect those in the classroom with visualization of daily rituals. Spatio-temporal integration is determined in infants by a representation almost systematic actions of the day.

Pictures of the school premises

So the kids can make one link between time and space, class Schema can be decorated with pictures of visited places and rooms. It is reassuring for children to be able to visualize the content of their day in the morning, especially for children with special needs or disabilities. The calendar may contain images of places at the schoolsuch as the canteen and the playground, as well as i frequently visited outdoor places, such as the library and the swimming pool. This type of representation of space is the most meaningful for kindergarten students because they are concrete and real elements. It is still possible to set drawings made by them Pictures and other illustrations.

Customized kindergarten schedule with scratches

© Macsnap – iStock

Representation of classrooms

In a classroom it is important to demarcate the spaces. Especially in kindergarten, a classroom includes several places easily materialized, such as the “reading corner”. Children will understand more easily function of the area with a attach or one drawing and one name corresponding. It is possible to add small rules, such as the number of children allowed at a time. This display system is also practical for storage space. Housework is not innate and can take time, especially in kindergarten. Therefore, we must not hesitate to make the task easier, both for the teacher and for the students. You can show a picture with the name associated with the supplies provided so that the children know where to place the items. The little ones don’t have to ask the teacher because the storage of the material is explicit. It is a way in which the students can become more autonomous and that each item is in the right place.

Reading corner
Example illustration for the reading corner

© Lisitsa – iStock

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