With ZFE in Lyon, it is urgent to change cars

NOTE, red light and railway crossing! In a few months, the old car that has rendered you so many services will be banned from Lyon. 1eh January 2023, private vehicles classified among the oldest and most polluting will no longer have citizenship within a perimeter consisting of the cities of Lyon, Villeurbanne, Vénissieux, Bron and Caluire-et-Cuire.

This area then becomes a low emission zone (ZFE). It should make it possible to better combat air pollution and significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

From 1 January 2023, cars classified Crit’Air 5 will be affected by the ban. From 1 September, a pedagogical phase will be put in place. ZFE has already been implemented for professionals by 2021.

Also read on Tribune de Lyon: ZFE in Lyon: start September 1, verbalization from January 1, 2023

This ZFE is a legal requirement and a response to the numerous condemnations of France by the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU).

A large majority of households are affected

In Lyon, ecologists have thus chosen to anticipate the process and to sharpen certain principles. In fact, the brake in 2023 will, above all, mark the initial phase of a restrictive and accelerated calendar, which will lead to a ban on diesel from Greater Lyon in 2026.

Also read on the Tribune de Lyon: The end of diesel in Lyon in 2025: not so simple

To do this, a new ban will be introduced each year on Crit’Air 4 in 2024, Crit’Air 3 in 2025 and finally diesel engines and Crit’Air 2 in January 2026.

Do you want to be affected? Most likely yes. The measure will in fact affect a very large majority of households and in the long run involve more than two thirds of the car fleet circulating in the big city. According to data issued by Grand Lyon, 29,848 professional vehicles have already been affected by traffic and parking restrictions, ie 35% of companies’ rolling stock.

In 2023, a further 19,901 private vehicles will be affected by the rules, ie about 2.5% of the car fleet, then 3.2% and 25,121 cars in 2024. It is then that the process becomes even more complicated to affect about 81,351 vehicles (105.% of the fleet) in 2025 (with Crit’Air 3) and finally 365.111 vehicles in 2026 (Crit’Air 2).

This equates, in 2026 alone, to deporting just under half of the 782,000 vehicles on the road today!

70% of current vehicles need to be replaced

In the end, 70% of the cars or utility vehicles used today would have had to be stored or altered … This shows that the upheaval is deep and the shock significantly. And if it is urgent for everyone to consider how to adapt and modify their vehicle, this is an initiative that is always complex and very costly.

The effects of this restrictive and accelerated schedule of ecologists in power can already be felt in consumer choices. Who wonders …

Who will be spared?

Households with a tax income of less than 19,600 euros per share will also benefit from an exemption until the end of 2023.

Thus, persons living within the perimeter of ZFE, or who come from a municipality in the metropolis of Lyon to go there, will be allowed to circulate during the year 2023. Nothing will therefore change for at least one year for these motorists, who eg. those who can demonstrate that a purchase or change of vehicle is in progress.

For those who will be considered “small rollers”, the rules of the game are not really fixed yet. This exemption should allow residents who are unable to change vehicles or those who occasionally travel within the perimeter to have a certain number of authorized traffic days per year. The general idea is as follows: “If a person comes to visit his family, we will not ask him to change his car”explains Jean-Charles Kohlhaas, Vice-President of the Métroople de Lyon in charge of travel.

In addition, for professionals already covered by the rules, there are several exceptions: permanent for, for example, emergency vehicles or the transport of disabled people and for three years for certain expensive uses (refrigerated trucks, dumpers, etc.).

Lack of visibility

“With all these new rules like ZFE, we see that people are a little lost. They are waiting. To make such a big investment, we need long-term visibility.” explains Richard Drevet, dealer in Villeurbanne. Although the development of non-polluting modes of transport is a credible alternative in the city, the car still continues to be highly recognized by users.

According to a study conducted by Odoxa for Homeserve: “56% of French people are not ready to give up their car for their daily travels, and only 28% could replace it with an electric or hybrid car.”

The car even continues to be an object of fascination. See the spectator record at the last edition of the car show in Lyon in April last year, with an increase of 5% compared to the previous edition of 2019, our colleagues from Lyon Mag.

Diesel down in a sluggish market

For several years, the car market has developed and sales of diesel cars have fallen sharply. “We have gone from 70% of new cars bought in diesel a few years ago to less than 15% today in the big cityanalyzes Sylvain Massardier, territorial manager at Mobilians. The car fleet is changing and the number of polluting vehicles naturally decreases every year, even without help or support. »

Also read. on Tribune de Lyon: Region votes against ZFE, Lyon Metropolis protests

According to the latest available data, published in 2019, the Peugeot 208 and Citroën C3, in petrol or diesel, are number two and third among the best-selling cars in the Rhône, respectively. However, it is Dacia Sandero (petrol and LPG) who leads the ranking. The holy diesel has lost its luster.

Also read on the Tribune de Lyon: Automobile. A Lyon start-up will turn diesel cars into electric ones

Diesel engines are not the only ones suffering from a fall. In 2021, the market as a whole fell by 25%. For Richard Drevet, this trend can be explained by several reasons: the rise in car prices, the shortage of stocks associated with the Covid-19 epidemic and the war in Ukraine and the impact of new mobility.

The hybrid is on the rise

In comparison, sales of hybrids have fallen by only 6%. These vehicles are popular because of their more economical consumption than diesel or gasoline engines. At low speeds, they are dependent on electricity consumption and reserve petrol for higher speeds.

These cars thus fall into the best Crit’Air category and can be driven anywhere in France, even during pollution peaks. Among the most popular models is the Suzuki Swift as “represents 60% of the hybrid models I sell”, explains Richard Drevet. Then comes, in rechargeable hybrid, Citroën C5 Aircross and Peugeot 3008.

The highly acclaimed rental

The dealer adds that the increase in the selling price of vehicles even affects the used market. “We have crazy prices in the second-hand market. Before, you could find a Citroën C3 for 7,000 euros; today it is impossible, it takes about 9,000 euros. »

Signs that times are uncertain for drivers, it is no longer the purchase that is privileged when acquiring vehicles. “70% of my orders are rental cars. That’s what we advise people. The advantage is that we undertake to take the car back. In addition, today it takes to have a new car a minimum of three months, up to a year for certain models.continues Richard Drevet.

The electrical fascinates but remains inaccessible

Innovative and mysterious, zero-emission cars arouse public admiration, as Anne-Marie Baezner, director of the Lyon Motor Show, has observed. “The show always reveals a trend. What we observe is that the strong trend for electricity is there. We saw visitors flock to these stands. People ask many questions, but there is still too much doubt about the autonomy to convince more broadly. ” she explains.

Also read on Tribune de Lyon: Electric cars in Lyon: the charging network expands

However, the electric car market is growing year after year. In 2021, it represented 9.8% of the market in France, an increase of 3.1 points over 2020. For Mickael Loreau, director of Charge Facile, it is a sign that the electric car is becoming more democratic: “Until now, it was for nerdy people. But we’re seeing the infrastructures keep up, and we’ll be entering a mass market soon.”

A market that is growing thanks to the sale of popular models such as the Peugeot e-208, Tesla Model 3, Renault Zoé and, more recently, the latest electric Fiat 500. Richard Drevet, for his part, insists that this does not represent “with 10%” and assesses that customers are not yet ready to take the plunge.

“I believe in electricity, but in the city or as another car. At the moment, there is not enough autonomy in these models. If you have long journeys to take, hybrid cars are a better compromise,” he analyzes. The dealer also points to the non-incentive price for these vehicles.

What help are you entitled to?

There is support: it is degressive in relation to taxable income and the type of vehicle used. The ecological bonus is state aid of around 1,000 euros for a used vehicle. It can cost up to 6,000 euros if you want to buy a new electric car. A bonus of 1,000 euros is also available for used electric cars.

The conversion bonus is the second boost from the state in favor of electric cars. It allows you to replace your old car with a new, new or used one, provided it is less polluting and to scrap the old one. This bonus can go up to 5,000 euros. Then comes the help from Metropolis, which is not yet available to date.

From September, a new training desk will be responsible for directing motorists to the help they have available, especially in the Metropolis, which we can not yet benefit from today.
For example, let’s imagine that a person with a Renault Twingo from the 2000s wants to change car, he will be able to benefit from state aid if he is entitled to it.

Three conditions for this: the vehicle from which it is separated must be Crit’Air 5, the new one must be Crit’Air 1 or 2 (below 125 g CO2 kilometers) and the person must have an income below 13,489 euros per.

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