They finally got there. The Luxembourg Council met on Monday 27 and Tuesday 28 June, with the Ministers for Energy and the Environment from the 27 EU Member States adopting the five texts of the climate package on Wednesday at 02.14, reports the media link. A relief for France on the penultimate day of the French Presidency of the Council of the European Union. Report take stock of the measures taken.
End with thermobiles and vans in 2035
The Council raised the targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from new cars and vans to 55 % for cars and at 50 % for vans in 2030 and up to 100 % in 2035. It is clear that it will no longer be possible to sell diesel and petrol cars and utilities from this date. But with one admission: at the request of a few countries, including Italy and Germany, the 27 have agreed to consider a possible green light in the future for alternative technologies such as synthetic fuels and hybrid engines, provided they are compatible with the zero-target target. emissions. In addition, the so-called manufacturers “ niche » will benefit from a deferral until the end of 2035 “ Ferrari change » which should especially benefit luxury brands.
“ This is a major challenge for our automotive industry », assessed Agnès Pannier-Runacher, who chaired the meeting. However, the French Minister for Ecological Transformation hopes that this measure will force European manufacturers to join China and the United States in the industrial race for the electric car.
The Social Climate Fund
It was the second spicy dish on the Council’s menu. The 27 agreed on the creation of a social fund for the climate dedicated to supporting households, micro-enterprises and vulnerable transport users who have been hurt by the rise in the price of carbon. Each Member State will be able to draw on it to finance its own “ social plan for the climate », for energy renovation of buildings, decarbonisation of heating and non-emitting means of transport. Including through “ measures providing direct income support, on a temporary or limited basis »within the limit of 35 % of the total estimated cost of social climate plans.
All that was left was to agree on the level at which it should be filled up. According to linkstates “ frugal »including Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and Denmark, considered France’s proposal too high – 60 billion euros from 2027 to 2032. After three rounds of negotiations, the Twenty – Seven finally agreed on a maximum amount of 59 billion euros for the same period.
Emissions trading system
The Council decided to expand the European CO2 market to include maritime transport and intra-European flights from 2027. It also created a market ad hoc for the construction and road transport sector, which enters into force on the same date. The aim is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from all sectors affected by these emission allowance trading systems by 60 % by 2030.
The second major issue to be addressed on this issue was the degree of abolition of free allowances in the sectors affected by the CO2 limit adjustment mechanism – this progressive taxation of certain import products such as steel, aluminum, cement, fertilizers and electricity according to emissions associated with their production. France considered it urgent to slow down, and the twenty-six other states agreed. The Council therefore confirmed “ a slower reduction at the beginning and an accelerated reduction rate at the end » of the period 2026-2035. The goal of completely eliminating these free allowances has nevertheless been maintained for 2036.
For Réseau Action Climat, this last point is a bitter failure for the French Presidency. “ France, which had made the CO2 limit tax a political totem for its presidency, suffered a major disappointment: if the principle is validated, its effective implementation will wait until 2036 and the expiry of the free pollution permits granted to industrialists, judgeNGO in a press release. Very bad news for the climate and the transformation of the industry, a sector that has not seen its greenhouse gas emissions fall since 2012. »
This compromise nevertheless made it possible to unblock the adoption of the last two more consensual texts on the climate package, the regulation on the sharing of efforts and the agreement on land use, changes in land use and forestry. These provide reduction targets of 40 % of greenhouse gas emissions in 2030 compared to 2005 in the European Union (excluding sectors affected by carbon markets for which the target is set at 60 %) and net intake of 310 mill. tons equivalent CO2 of European lands, plants, trees and forests at the same time. Next step, convince the European Parliament to adopt it all in turn.