In 1965, November 26, aDiamond A takes off from Algeria with a small satellite called Asterix on board. France then becomes the third space power in the world behind the United States and the USSR, that is, a nation capable of placing a cargo in by its own means. But compared to the two superpowers, France and Europe did not and still do not have the technical means to bring one in space.
Either way, Europe and France will subsequently focus on international cooperation, thanks to the warming of relations that took place at the end of the Cold War. In 1982, only two machines in the world allow humans to fly beyond oursthe very young American space shuttle and the ship .
Before we move on, let’s play a little: if @Thom_astro democratized the images of the Earth from space, he was obviously not the first to be interested in it ???? This was taken during the mission #HVP : do you have an idea of what it shows?
???? Intercosmos, 1982 pic.twitter.com/EA3giiT9Ot
– CNES (@CNES) June 24, 2022
collaboration and science
It is on the latter it, a former French Air Force test pilot, went on board on June 24 of that year with Vladimir Djanibekov and Alexandre Ivanchenkov. The Soyuz T-6 mission then took off against Soviet Salyut-7. The symbol is strong: it is the first from the Western bloc to board these Soviet vessels.
The mission is fully in line with the purpose of the brand new Salyut 7 to conduct new scientific experiments, especially to understandon the human body. Jean-Loup not only went out into space, he found a whole battery of French scientific instruments specially designed for Salyut in orbit.
Jean-Loup Chrétien, the first Frenchman sent into space aboard a Soviet rocket, a Soyuz T-6. That was in 1982.
The first in an era
It is especially for this mission thatrecruited its first astronauts. Only two were selected out of 400: Jean-Loup Chrétien and . After a quick but intense training in Moscow, the two astronauts are ready. Chrétien is selected, Baudry is in the reserve crew. The latter, however, will not fly as part of the French-Soviet missions, but on the American shuttle three years later.
Jean-Loup Chrétien will take off again aboard a Soyuz in 1988, modthis time, where he will cross a new milestone: to be the first astronaut, neither American nor Soviet, to complete a spacewalk. He made his third and final spaceflight in 1997 aboard the Atlantis shuttle before leaving Cnes and acquiring dual U.S. nationality to end his career at NASA.
???? Happy birthday to Jean-Loup Chrétien, first Frenchman in space ???? ????????????
He made 3 flights in total: PVH aboard the Salyut 7 in 1982, ARAGATZ aboard the MIR in 1988 and the STS-86 in 1997 with the American shuttle Atlantis ???? pic.twitter.com/8GT9fxD3Y2
– CNES (@CNES) August 20, 2021
Jean-Loup Chrétien is the first of 10 Frenchmen to have flown into space, the most recent being. In a few months is will unveil his new promotion of astronauts, we get the eleventh Frenchman?
What to remember
- Jean-Loup Chrétien is the first Frenchman and the first Western European to travel in space.
- He is also the first astronaut from the Western Bloc to have flown on Soviet machines.
- It was 40 years ago, on June 24, 1982 for the Soyuz T-6 mission to the Salyut 7 station.