Space and fleet. Information and news China

Space station.


Space and fleet.  Information and news China

To the left the crew of Shenzhou 14. In the middle Commander Chen Dong (44 years), veteran of Shenzhou 11 in 2016. To his left Liu Yang (44 years), who was the first female astronaut aboard Shenzhou-9 in 2012; his right Cai Xuzhe (46 years) fighter pilot on his first mission. To the right the launch on June 17 of 福建 – Fujian – on June 3e Chinese aircraft carrier, fully designed and built in China.

*

On June 5, a new team of three astronauts, including a woman, crashed into the central Tianhe module at Tiangong station after a six-hour flight aboard the Shenzhou-14 capsule, launched from Jiuquan site by a long rocket. -F.

Commander Chen Dong (44 years old), who participated in Shenzhou 11 in 2016, and his two teammates Liu Yang (44 years old), who was the first female astronaut aboard Shenzhou-9 in 2012, and Cai Xuzhe (46 years old) pilot of which this is the first mission, will spend six months in the central module Tianhe 天和 (Heavenly Harmony) located in low orbit on April 29, 2021.

The three, which will conduct a series of scientific experiments and perform several spacewalks, will have to prepare the docking on each side of the station, which is scheduled for next July and October of the other two modules Wentian 天 天 and Mengtian 梦 天.

The mission is the third of its kind for the construction of the space station, which is scheduled to be completed in December. It was preceded by a first three-month mission, completed in September 2021, followed by another six-month return to Earth on April 16, 2022. Read: End of Shenzhou 13 mission.

Six missions are planned between now and the end of the year, including two others carrying freight and a new manned mission responsible for securing the two laboratory modules. These will be assembled for the Tianhe main cabin in a T-shaped structure – creating the ultimate living space for the astronauts – whose volume will increase from 50 to 110 cubic meters. After construction is completed, the Tiangong space station is expected to last 15 years.

Another space adventure from Beijing is aimed at Mars, where the Chinese rover Zhurong 祝融 6 years after NASA in May 2021 had discovered traces of the existence of water that had lasted longer than astrophysicists had expected. Read: China’s ‘Fire God’ has landed on Mars.

A third major project will be to build, by 2035, on the other side of the Moon, a Sino-Russian scientific research base open to international participation.

The power of naval flight.



The slogan on the port side of the aircraft carrier refers to an article quoting Xi Jinping, published on June 15 on the Ministry of Defense’s website. In essence, it is celebrating industrial power in the service of kamp (combat) efforts to create a nationwide fleet 海军 一流 海军.

The slogan on the stern, “不忘 初 心, 牢记 使命 – Remember the original intention, keep the mission in mind” refers to the regime’s ability to stay the course and its concern for s to ensure the loyalty of the armed forces, in the name of Marxism and the idea of ​​” Chinese military characteristics “.

The two slogans take up the idea in the text from June 15: 创立 习近平 强 军 思想, 开辟 当代 中国 马克思 主义 军事 理论 和 庋 庋 理论 和. Literally: “Elaboration of Xi Jinping’s idea of ​​strengthening the military and opening up a new field of development based on modern Chinese Marxist military theory and practice.” »

*

The 3the Chinese aircraft carrier was launched on June 17 by the Jiangnan vær shipyard, whose history, which merges with Shanghai’s industrial center, dates back to 1865 industrialization. [1].

Named Fujian 福, the third conventionally operated aircraft carrier is much larger than the first two “Liaoning” and “Shandong”. With a full cargo displacement of 80,000 tons, it is the world’s leading PA in service, immediately after the US Navy’s seven nuclear-powered Roosevelt-class PAs weighing 88,000 tons.

The first Chinese PA without launch pad, with a total length of 316 m, Fujian, entering the test phase, which will last at least two years, is equipped with the type catapult start assist system (CATOBAR) enhanced by an electromagnetic device.

While the type of fighter jet on board could be the J-35, a fighter jet derived from the FC-31, or the stealth multi-role J-31 manufactured in Shenyang, quite similar to the F-35, US experts estimate that the building will commence at least 80 fighter jets (comparable to the 90 aircraft carried by Roosevelt-class nuclear PAs) as well as AWACS-type control and monitoring units, including the Chinese model, the twin-engine “Xi’an KJ-600” look very close to Grumman E -2 Hawkeye, is now being tested.

The launch of the Fujian, the first conventional aircraft carrier with dimensions and capabilities comparable to that of the US Navy, testifies to the constant progress of the Chinese Navy. According to the Pentagon, its constant rise in power for more than twenty-five years stems from a cautious strategy of learning, integrating, and assimilating proven naval air techniques.

Progress can be seen first in the numbers. Between 2000 and 2021, the number of battleships has increased from 210 to 360, while the number of battleships has been reduced from 318 to 297. Among the first tier ships are 2 aircraft carriers (+1 in progress). test), 40 cruisers or destroyers and 102 frigates or corvettes.

Projections based on the current growth rate predict that by 2030 the Chinese fleet will be equipped with 460 ships, the majority of which will be first-class surface ships (4 aircraft carriers, cruisers, destroyers, frigates, submarines, missile launches). , attack submarines, amphibious ships, anti-mining vessels and logistics ships). Read Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress (pdf).

In addition to the classic missions of protecting logistical lines of communication to the Persian Gulf, combating piracy, evacuating Chinese citizens and providing humanitarian aid, US strategists see it as the first serious challenge to the military power of states. United since 1945.

They believe that the spectacular increase in resources is primarily aimed at denying the US Navy access to the Taiwan area and the South China Sea, where US warships regularly carry out missions aimed at enforcing the freedom of navigation in the waters that Beijing claims in rejecting the legal authority. in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.

During the last “Shangri-La Dialogue”, from June 10 to 12 in Singapore, Defense Minister Wei Fenghe referred to these missions passing through the Taiwan Strait and in the waters that Beijing claims in the South China Sea. reasons. accused the United States of being the largest troublemaker in the western Pacific.

Note (s):

[1] Established since 2009 on the island of Changxing at the mouth of the Yangtze River, the shipyard builds, repairs and maintains civilian and military vessels for Chinese and foreign customers. Recently, it has focused its activities on the production of LNG carriers carrying liquefied natural gas (LNG), “Ro-roh »Car ships, tankers, bulk carriers of all sizes, multi-purpose cargo ships and fast-loading container ships.

In December 2020, the Changxing shipyard (with a ten-month delay) delivered to the French airline CGA-CGM the “Champs Elysées” (400 m long, with a carrying capacity of 23,000 containers), one of the only two giant container ships in the world powered by natural gas.

It should be noted in passing that the Chinese shipyard is one of the customers of the French GTT (Gaztransport & Technigaz), a naval engineering group specializing in the design and construction of containment systems for maritime transport and storage under cryogenic conditions of LNG. .

Read: New order for GTT, it comes from China.


• Comment on this article

• To read in the same section

End of the Shenzhou 13 mission

Political volunteering and the difficulties of the energy transition

Driverless vehicles. Between advertising propaganda and realities

Chinese aviation in Dubai. Operational demonstration and commercial promotion

Space and fleet

Leave a Comment