TECHNOLOGIES – Internet Explorer is over. More than 25 years after its release, Microsoft shuts down the web browser permanently on Wednesday, June 15th. Dethroned for a long time, IE pays for poor performance, as you can see in the video at the top of the article.
It’s hard to imagine today, but I amInternet Explorer was the market leader from the late 90’s, ieUntil the early 2010s. But it was so quickly overtaken by Firefox and then Google Chrome. In May 2022, Internet Explorer’s market share even fell to 0.6% worldwide, far behind Google Chrome (around 65%) and Apple’s Safari (more than 19%), according to figures from Statcounter.
To understand this hegemony and then this brutal fall, we need to go back to the beginning of the internet, then browser war. At that time, the early 90s was the benchmark web browser Netscape.
The browser, unknown to people under 25 today, had nothing to do with what we know today: “In the late 90s, there were still tags, elements of the HTML language, so what is displayed on websites that is recognized or interpreted differently depending on the browsers ”, remembers at HuffPost Olivier Ertzscheid, Associate Professor of Information Science at the IUT in La Roche-sur-Yon.
The browser wars
But Nestcape does not last long. In a few years, it was overtaken by Internet Explorer, which invaded the market. To spice up the fight, two new browsers followed, Firefox created in 2002 close to Safari in 2003, enter the arena.
Faced with competition, Internet Explorer does not bend and continues to widen the gap. The browser even becomes the dominant player, with 95% market share at its highest in 2004. Opera is also trying to bring the hegemonic browser down, but it’s a waste of time, Internet Explorer is unsurpassed.
It was the arrival of Chrome in 2008, the Google browser, that ended up making Internet Explorer give way. In just four years, Chrome overtook Internet Explorer. A first defeat that will lead to others, Safari, Firefox and Opera, will also end up crushing it. As of 2018, the race is over for Internet Explorer, which is last among browsers.
560 million euros lethal for Internet Explorer
But how do you explain such a rapid crash of Internet Explorer? This is primarily due to Microsoft’s behavior, which is considered unfair by its competitors. They accuse him of installing Internet Explorer by default on his clients’ computers.
By wanting to retain its monopoly at all costs, the company has also on several occasions been prosecuted for “aggressive and anti-competitive” practices. In 2013, the European Commission even fined Microsoft 561 million euros. Its sanctions alone do not explain the decline of Internet Explorer.
His pain was triggered by change our Internet practices. Since the advent of smartphones, our internet consumption has shifted between media, from computers to smartphones. In this new battlefield, the advantage lies largely with Apple, which released its first iPhone in 2007 by installing Safari as standard on smartphones and then tablets. TThe sideline of Opera, which briefly managed to take the monopoly, was Safari and Opéra neck and neck in 2011.
Everything changes when Google Chrome comes in 2008, that quickly past Opera, then Safari and widening the gap more and more … Google manages to get out of the game by configuringAndroid smartphones, so everyone Google tools are installed there, including Chrome.
In an effort to restart and regain the advantage over Google, Microsoft released Edge in 2015. The goal is to replace Internet Explorer. She ends up making some progress on computers, it never managed to regain the success of its predecessor in the 90s-2000s. Moreover, from now on, pif you try to use Internet Explorer, you should be redirected to Microsoft Edge.
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