Automotive: The completion of the sale of thermal cars will come before 2035

AUTOMOBILE – A climate commitment imposed by the EU for 13 years from now, but a promise has already crossed the agenda of many manufacturers. On Wednesday, 8 June, the European Parliament approved a text aiming at “zero emissions” for new cars and vans by 2035. This while vehicles currently represent at least 12% of CO2 emissions in the EU.

The text was voted on by 339 MEPs (249 against, 24 abstentions) after a bitter struggle. An EPP (Pro-European Right and First Force in Parliament) amendment, which was finally rejected, instead proposed aiming for a 90% reduction in car emissions by 2035. A margin of maneuver that would have made it possible to continue selling of hybrid cars on Union land.

This is not the case. The text therefore only allows the de facto sale of electric vehicles on the European market from 2035 (except for a very symbolic exception), although it still has to be negotiated with the leaders of the EU Member States to reach a compromise. “We are setting a clear course for the industry by supporting the completion of thermal engines in 2035, a major victory in line with the goal of carbon neutrality by 2050”, as a car drives for an average of 15 years, Macronist MEP Pascal Canfin welcomed.

A goal of neutrality that could even be reached before 2050, because a large proportion of the world’s largest producers have foreseen this limitation – or this commercial and climatic necessity – for a much shorter horizon since the announcement of the European project in July 2021. HuffPost lists the timetable for the promises of the big brands and their progress in terms of the electrical transition.

Manufacturers who have taken the lead

– Before 2030

Peugeot, Fiat, Opel (now united in The Stellantis Group) has promised to stop marketing thermomotor cars until 2030. Among the group’s largest manufacturers Vauxhall is without a doubt the most ambitious, the German carmaker expects all its models for sale on the European market to be electric from 2024.

Peugeot is planning a “fully electric” series in 2025 with the electric versions of its current 208 or 2008. Peugeot e-308 is expected in 2023. The brand’s batteries will be produced, with a subsidiary of Total, in Douvrin in Pas-de-Calais.

On his side, Fiat has already begun its electric transition with the release of the new Fiat 500e, 100% electric, since September 2020. It is also the best-selling electric car in France in May 2022. A new series of the flagship car of the Italian brand is planned by 2027, and all its sales will be fully electric by 2030.

-Mercedes also presented as a good student among generalist salespeople. The group’s CEO – who brings together Mercedes, Smart or Maybach – assured that the entire group’s catalog will be electric from 2030. The manufacturer also plans to reduce its investments in thermal energy by 80% by 2026 to not only focus on electricity and plugs. a hybrid.

Ford has set the same deadline for 2030 for its sales in the European market. Its first compact electric car will be released in 2023, and other 100% electric models will follow. The American manufacturer ”will offer all passenger car models in Europe from at least the middle of 2026 in a plug-in hybrid variant or in a battery-electric variant. From 2030, our range of passenger cars in Europe will only consist of pure electric vehicles, ”said a spokesman for the company. It remains to convince buyers after the failure of the release of the first models in the European market.

– Between 2030 and 2035

Renault committed in 2021 to a change of strategy and now aims for 90% to 100% electrification of its new models by 2030. Its new sedan, Renault Mégane E-Tech, is only available in electric mode, while all “sports” will be integrated in the Alpine brand. The electric Renault R5 will replace the Zoé in 2024.

-Audi, the subsidiary of Wolkswagen, has also set a specific date for the abandonment of thermal. Its latest model with an internal combustion engine was to hit the market in 2026 to be offered until 2033. The group promises to have more than 20 electric cars (A3, A4, Q6 e-tron, then Q3) in its catalog by 2025.

Mini she plans, “an exclusively electric series in the early 2030s, although a new model of the brand with an internal combustion engine is to be released” for the last time “in 2025. After Cooper SE, the BMW subsidiary promises a new generation of electric Mini Countryman in 2023.

Manufacturers who will have to accelerate

BMW is without a doubt one of the largest international groups that has come the furthest behind. Although the group has announced a change in strategy, it is the only major German group that has not yet set an agenda for the final exit from its thermal car sales. It hopes 50% of its sales will be fully electric by 2030 and has promised to release an electric version for every new model that comes.

Citroen already markets electric models and plans to launch more “zero-emission” user cars. But the chevron brand has not yet committed to any date for “all electric”. Subsidiary of Stellantis as Peugeot, the French brand, however, should follow the timetable set by the group.

Volkswagen (Seat and Skoda understood) also moves forward to comply with future European legislation, predicting that “70% of its new cars in Europe” will be electric by 2030. “This means that Volkswagen is likely to produce the last internal combustion engines for European markets between 2033 and 2035. ″, Explained a spokesman for Volkswagen.But the official schedule is still unclear.The German company also plans to create its own battery for its electric cars before the construction of six gigabytes on the European continent.

Toyota and Lexus are they faces another problem. The Japanese giant opted commercially for hybridization and only reoriented its strategy towards 100% electric by the end of 2021. Its first “zero-emission” model, the BZ4x SUV, has just been released. Thirty models, from the small urban crossover close to the current Yaris to the Lexus sports car, will follow in 2030. Lexus will also become a 100% electric brand by 2030. Toyota is likely to wait until 2035.

Dacia facing the current incompatibility between cheap cars and electric cars. However, the brand launched its first electric model in 2020 with the Dacia Spring. A car that is considered the first cheap electric car on the market (less than 20,000 euros excluding bonuses), which has registered strong sales since the beginning of 2022. The Romanian brand also plans to release a 100% electric version for its star model, Dacia Duster, but estimates that sales of electric cars will only represent 10% of its total sales by 2030.

Kia for its part, still wonders about its transition to all-electric. “The crucial question is when the infrastructural conditions are created to be able to solve all possible and necessary mobility tasks electrically,” the Korean brand explained, pointing, like Wolkswagen, to the inadequate development of charging infrastructure. “As demand is heavily influenced by external factors and therefore subject to major changes, we do not want to commit to a certain percentage, but we expect electrified models to represent more than 30% of registrations by 2030.”

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