From Turkey to China, the race against the electric car is underway

Electrifying the car fleet is a global goal. The means to achieve this are majority. This is stated in the work carried out by an observatory consisting of Avere-France (National Association for the Development of Electric Mobility) and the law firm De Gaulle Fleurance and Associates, which will be published on Thursday 2 June.

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The study, which is based on contributions from six other foreign companies, updates the various strategies for electrifying the vehicle fleet in France, Germany, Poland as well as in Turkey, India, China and Saudi Arabia.

France pretty well off

Worldwide, six million electric vehicles (including plug-in hybrids) were sold in 2021, double the year before. They represent 12% of the market. In France, 315,000 vehicles and electric vehicles sold represent 15% of the market.

Financial support without income conditions has encouraged their purchases, as has the 64% increase in charging stations open to the public between 2020 and 2021. “In terms of support, we are in the top three in Europeexplains Cécile Goubert, General Delegate to Avere-France, with a good understanding of the applications: roads, major roads, collective housing … This approach makes it possible to think about the different charging needs ”.

Today, there are almost 60,000 charging stations open to the public in France. “We will have to double that number by 2025.warns Cécile Goubert, and remain constant to double it again by 2030 “.

In Turkey, we first think of charging

In Germany in the first quarter of 2022, the market share of electric cars has already reached 25%. The country offers additional non-monetary incentives, such as the possibility for electric cars to run on bus lanes. “This idea could seem adapted to France, where we like to sneaksmiles Sylvie Perrin, associate at De Gaulle Fleurance and associate. However, it was the German mentality, perhaps more collective, that allowed its adoption..

Another member of the European Union, Poland, wants to speed up the greening of its car fleet. Municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants must install at least 60 public charging stations. To facilitate installation, the Polish legislature exempts the network manager from applying for a building permit.

→ READ. Electric cars, the electricity grid is ready

In Turkey, efforts are also focused on infrastructure. “The country made a rather original choiceexplains Sylvie Perrin, by wanting to have a charging network before the fleet of electric cars exists ”. Since March 2022, subsidies have covered up to 75% of the cost of fast charging stations. A regulation that opens a door to the American Tesla, in the process of implementing its network.

380 builders in India

The leading market for electric vehicles in the world remains China. The country has combined policies restricting the purchase of petrol cars and incentives (individuals do not need to apply for permission to install charging infrastructure, toll-free plates, etc.), and sold three million electric vehicles in 2021, ie. half of global sales.

The other continental giant, India, is not at this level, but intends to catch up: among other measures, drivers of electric vehicles are offering a 50% reduction on toll sections. A peculiarity of the country is the fragmentation of the offer: the assistance offered for research and development has made it possible for hundreds of companies to emerge. In July 2021, there were 380 local builders!

The European Union is hesitant

Even oil-rich Saudi Arabia is not immune to electrification. The Kingdom, which aims for 30% of the electric vehicles in circulation in Riyadh, has reached an agreement with Japanese manufacturers to install fast charging stations. Neom, a city under construction and aiming for CO2 neutrality, will only allow electric vehicles.

The European Union continues to be hesitant about the date when it will ban internal combustion engines. France is fighting for the horizon to be the year 2040. It encounters the inclinations of other members of the Union who prefer 2035. The debate should be decided during the month of June by the European Parliament.

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