ZFE: your car may be banned in the city

Air pollution is responsible for the premature death of 40,000 people a year in France, pollution mainly due to road traffic, according to Public Health France. Faced with this scourge, the state has decided to multiply low emission mobility zones (LEZ-m) in the main cities.

What are ZFEs?

These are perimeters where certain vehicles that are considered to be polluting cannot drive or park on certain days or at certain times. Discrimination against vehicles is based on their Crit’Air label, which distinguishes them by their level of pollution.

43 EPZs by 2025

To date, 12 zones have already been created or are being deployed in the following cities: Grand Paris, Lyon, Grenoble, Aix-Marseille, Nice, Toulon, Toulouse, Montpellier, Strasbourg, Rouen, Reims and Saint-Étienne.

The Climate and Robustness Act of 2021 obliges all metropolitan areas with more than 150,000 inhabitants to create one by 31 December 2024. By 2025, therefore, there will be 43 EPZs.

A partial overall timetable for restrictions

This development will be accompanied by a partially comprehensive implementation plan. Currently, the ZFE traffic rules are set locally (perimeter, affected vehicle categories, timetables, calendar, exceptions). In Paris, for example, the traffic ban already applies to vehicles classified Crit’Air 4, 5 and unclassified; while in Reims only Crit’Air 5 and unclassified are now banned.

The Climate and Robustness Act will standardize the deadlines in the 10 cities where pollution episodes are too frequent. As a minimum, Paris, Lyon, Grenoble, Marseille, Nice, Toulon, Toulouse, Montpellier, Strasbourg and Rouen must exclude Crit’Air 5 vehicles in 2023, Crit’Air 4 in 2024 and Crit’Air 3 in 2025.

Help to change car

Faced with these limitations, you will have to adapt. In addition to the use of an alternative means of transport (bus, bicycle, etc.), there is support for the purchase or rental of a clean vehicle. The state pays up to 5,000 euros in conversion premium in return for the scrapping of an old polluting model. The amount is increased up to 1,000 euros if you live or work in a ZFE. The bonus can be combined with an organic bonus of a maximum of 6,000 euros. In addition, the most modest are entitled to a microcredit (up to 5,000 euros) and from 2023 to a zero interest rate loan (up to 30,000 euros) in certain ZFEs.

In addition to this national support, there are local grants. The Île-de-France region grants up to 6,000 euros to households in the outer suburbs working in ZFE, which replace an old thermal vehicle with an electric or hybrid model. The metropolis of Toulouse offers up to 5,000 euros in bonuses for individuals. Please note that the accumulation of support may be limited.

Get a Crit’Air sticker

It is mandatory to put a Crit’Air sticker on the windscreen to drive in a ZFE. There are six, ranging from 0 (100% electric or hydrogen vehicle) to 5 (diesel registered between 1997 and 2000). Older models are not classified. To find out which sticker corresponds to your vehicle, go to Certificat-air.gouv.fr with your vehicle’s registration document. You can order your sticker online or by post. mail using a form (price: 3.70 euros on the French mainland, shipping included). Driving in a ZFE without a sticker or with a prohibited vehicle is punishable by a fixed fine of 68 to 135 euros. Most metropolises are still welcoming.

Schedule of restrictions in each EPZ

EPZ name

Circumference The stages of restrictions
Paris and the Greater Paris Metropolis 77 municipalities in an area roughly bounded by the A86 motorway

July 1, 2019: unclassified vehicles and Crit’Air 5

June 1, 2021: Crit’Air 4 vehicles

July 1, 2023: Crit’Air 3 vehicles

January 1, 2024: Crit’Air 4 vehicles

By 2030: only 100% clean vehicles are allowed to circulate

Grenoble Alps Metropolis 27 municipalities

May 2019: Crit’Air 5 and unclassified professional vehicles

July 2020: Crit’Air 4 professional vehicles

July 2022: Crit’Air 3 professional vehicles

July 2023: private vehicles Crit’Air 5

July 2024: private vehicles Crit’Air 4

July 2025: Crit’Air 2 professional vehicles and Crit’Air 3 passenger vehicles

Before 2023: private vehicles Crit’Air 2

Greater Lyon Lyons, sectors of Villeurbanne, Bron and Vénissieux inside the Laurent Bonnevay ring road and the municipality Caluire-and-Cook

January 1, 2021: professional Crit’Air 3, 4 and 5 and unclassified vehicles

September 1, 2022: Crit’Air 5 and unclassified vehicles

Between 2023 and 2026 : Gradual ban on Crit’Air 4, 3 and eventually 2 vehicles

Strasbourg Eurometropolis The whole of Eurometropolis with the exception of certain axes

January 1, 2022: Crit’Air 5 and unclassified vehicles

January 1, 2023: Crit’Air 4 vehicles

January 1, 2024 : Crit’Air 3 vehicles

January 1, 2025: Crit’Air 2 vehicles

Rouen-Normandiet 12 municipalities (Amfreville-la-Mi-Voie, Bihorel, Bois-Guillaume, Bonsecours, Darnétal, Déville lès Rouen, Notre-Dame-de-Bondeville, Grand Quevilly, Mesnil-Esnard, Petit-Quevilly, Rouen and Sotteville-lès-Rouen)

January 3, 2022: commercial vehicles and heavy trucks Crit’Air 4, 5 and unclassified

September 1, 2022: all Crit’Air 4, 5 and unclassified vehicles

Aix-Marseille-Provence 19.5 km² in the heart of Marseille, bounded by the Prado, Rabatau, Jarret, Plombières and integrating the Euromed zone

September 1, 2022: Crit’Air 5 and unclassified vehicles

September 1, 2023: Crit’Air 4 vehicles

September 1, 2024: Crit’Air 3 vehicles

Montpellier metropolis

11 municipalities (Montpellier, Castelnau-le-Lez, Clapiers, Grabels, Jacou, Juvignac, Lattes, Le Crès, Montpellier, Pérols, Saint Jean de Védas and Villeneuve-lès-Maguelone).

From 1 July 2026, the scope will be extended to everyone 31 municipalities of the Metropolis

July 1, 2022: unclassified vehicles

January 1, 2023: Crit’Air 5 vehicles

January 1, 2024: Crit’Air 4 vehicles

January 1, 2025: Crit’Air 3 vehicles

On a Lovely town center

January 31, 2022: trucks, buses and coaches Crit’Air 5 and unclassified

January 1, 2023: trucks, buses

Crit’Air 5 and unclassified gers

January 1, 2024: Crit’Air 3 lorries, buses and coaches and Crit’Air 4 light vehicles

Saint-Etienne Metropolis 7 municipalities (perimeter inside the Saint-Etienne motorway triangle)

January 31, 2022: unclassified lorries and light commercial vehicles

Before 1 January 2025: lorries and light commercial vehicles Crit’Air 4 and 5

Before 1 January 2027: scales and utility vehicles Crit’Air 3

Greater Reims Reims and Taittinger road (A44)

January 1, 2022 : Crit’Air 5 and unclassified vehicles

January 1, 2023 : Crit’Air 4 vehicles

January 1, 2024 : Crit’Air 3 vehicles

Toulouse Metropolis All of Toulouse inside the ring road and a small part of Colomiers and Tournefeuillethat is, a circumference of 72 km2.

March 1, 2022: Crit’Air 5 and unclassified vans, vans, trucks

September 1, 2022: the same Crit’Air 4 vehicles

January 1, 2023: all Crit’Air 4, 5 and unclassified vehicles

January 1, 2024: all Crit’Air 3 vehicles

Leave a Comment