a large network attached to Ennahdha

The finding of several boxes of documents relating to the security situation in Tunisia, the function and recordings of the Interior Ministry, reports on public and political figures and surveillance equipment, had reversed “public opinion”. This event represented the starting point of what was later called the affair of the secret unity ofEnnahdaa kind of secret police and spy network composed of civilians, police officers as well as a former military man.

The best known of the agents for this structure was Mustapha Khedhertried a former soldier in connection with the case of Barraket Essahel. The latter was therefore already known to the Tunisian judicial system. After this affair, 93 soldiers including Mustapha Khedher had received prison sentences and was dismissed from the army for having organized a coup against Ben Ali. The discovery of these documents and material, in addition to the arrest of Mustafa Khedherin December 2013, took place in a tense climate. It comes after several terrorist attacks and the political assassinations of Chokri Belaid and Mohammad Brahmitwo opponents of the movement Ennahda.

Mustafa Khedheraccording to the information gathered, played an important role in this secret apparatus. He was the coordinator and leader of a network of informants and informants, including police officers. The study also revealed that Mustapha Khedher was in contact with businessman Fathi Damak which was recorded as he explained his plan for the assassination of businessmen and politicians. There was also evidence of close links between this secret apparatus and some members of the League for the Protection of the Revolution. (LPR) and Ansar Shariatwo organizations often presented as being militias in the service of the movement Ennahda. This structure had been publicly defended by Rached Ghannouchichairman of the movement Ennahda. Mustafa Khedher was also in contact with love Balaaziperson who concealed the weapon used in the political assassinations Belaid and Brahmi. President of the movement EnnahdaRached Ghannouchi was directly accused by the Defense Committee and political opposition figures of being the true leader of the secret apparatus.

The case of the secret device of the movement Ennahda is best known for its slowness, the stagnation of the investigation and the many cries of distress and revolt from the Committee to Defend the Cases of the Assassination Belaid and of Brahmi. The committee confirmed the existence of links between the secret apparatus, the movement Ennahda and a network of judges. Mustpaha Khedher had been charged with murder by the investigating judge near the Tunis court in the first instance. This case had subsequently revealed one of the biggest failures of Tunisian justice, the case of the former public prosecutor near the Tunis 1 court of first instance and former head of finance and the fight against terrorism, Bashir. Akremi. The Assassination Defense Committee revealed that the latter had manipulated and concealed evidence and elements of the assassination investigation. He would have suppressed more than 6,000 files relating to terrorist cases. He would be responsible for preventing justice. These cases constantly provoked a relationship between groups of terrorists or people returning from conflict zones, people or members of the movement EnnahdaMustafa Khedher now known as the coordinator of the secret apparatus and members of Ansar Sharia and LPR. HAVE For example, we remember that Boubaker Hakim, designated as the author of the murder of Mohamed Brahmi, was in direct contact with Mustapaha Khedher through a relative who played the role of intermediary. Again, the connections between the movement Ennahdathe secret unit under the coordination of Mustapha Khedherterrorist attacks and political assassinations have been strengthened, and the links between the leader of the movement, Rached Ghannouchi and this structure has been crystallized.

Several former members of the Islamic trend movement (MTI)which became a movement Ennahda later claimed the existence of a parallel structure and a secret apparatus for the service of the movement that functioned as a parallel police or a militia. We can mention Karim among them Abdessalem or Ahmad Ouergui. Both had insisted on the existence of such a structure. They explained that this was one of the basic elements ofIslam politically, and that it was monitored and controlled directly by the leaders of the movement, namely Rached Ghannouchi. Karim Abdessalem had also revealed that members of the secret apparatus ofEnnahda had held the position of adviser to the Ministry of the Interior and several other administrations.

So Rashid Ghannouchi had been heard in this case in 2019, revealed in October 2021, lawyer Imen gauze in a media statement. In February 2022, member of the Defense Committee of the Chokri Martyrs Belaid and Mohammad Brahmi, Ridha Raddaouihad announced that a certain Nejah Belhaj Ltaief played Rached’s henchman role Ghannouchi and was involved in this great network formed by the president of the movement Ennahda. He would be responsible for raising funds abroad and transporting them to Tunisia. He also confirmed that the network ofEnnahda included a team responsible for spying on politicians, senior security officials and judges, and that the footage was given to Rached Ghannouchi.

All these revelations and investigations carried out by the Tunisian courts led to the issuance of a travel ban against the president of the Ennahdha movement, Rached Ghannouchi. IN In fact, despite Maher Medhioub’s denial, the spokeswoman for the Ariana court of first instance, Fatma Boukattaya, confirmed that the historical leader and figure of political Islam in Tunisia had been the subject of such a procedure since May 27, 2022.

These revelations make us wonder not at the existence of a secret apparatus, but at the extent of this network and the number of people and state institutions compromised by this operation. The term secret entity has often been linked directly to Mustapha Khedher. Nevertheless, the analysis of the situation shows us that he was only a farmer and that he only controlled a team with a well-defined task. The network, the true parallel structure to the state, was not limited to espionage operations.

Sofiene Ghoubantini

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