IBM plans to supply quantum computer systems with more than 4,000 qubits by 2025

PARIS, May 11th. (Benin News / EP) –

On Wednesday, IBM announced the expansion of its quantum computer roadmap with the aim of achieving the development of systems with a capacity of more than 4,000 qubits in 2025.

The company focused on quantum cloud computing in 2016, while in 2017 it unveiled a … software development. open source software for programming their computers, called Qiskit.

In 2019, it unveiled its first integrated quantum computer system, IBM Quantum System One and announced in 2020 plans to turn quantum computers into a commercial technology.

From 2021, it was launched IBM Quantum Eagle, and Qiskit Runtime, an environment for running classic and quantum systems designed to support high speeds.

Today, IBM has updated its roadmap and given in a press release what are his medium-term plansby 2025, when it hopes to have a quantum computing system of more than 4,000 qubits.

This quantum computer processor will be built using several clusters of computers. scale processors modular and will be enabled by sub-processes such as the implementation of mature “software”.

So to further increase the speed of quantum programs in 2023, it plans to introduce new tasks in Qiskit Runtime.

Instead, over the next two years, it aims to introduce bug suppression and remediation techniques into this “software” so that users can focus on improving the quality of information. the results obtained from the quantum “hardware”.

In this sense, he announced that he would test the limits of the processors with the models “Osprey”, at 433 qubits in 2022 and CondorCondor “, 1121 qubits, scheduled for launch in 2023.

“We do not envisage creating large-scale quantum computers embedded on a giant chip. Instead, we are developing ways to connect processors together in a scalable modular system without physical constraints,” the company said in a statement.

To cope with this scale, it will introduce three processors with different options and features that are. “Heron”, ‘Cross-bill’. there Flamingos.

The first of them,Heron ‘is a 133 qubits with control “hardware” that allows conventional real-time communication between separate processors.

The second, ‘Cross-bill’.is a processor 408 qubits be made of three semiconductors connected by acocluses, which maintain a hexagonal grid connection on several chips.

Finally, in 2024, IBM plans to unveil the processor. flamingosby 462 qubits, with an integrated quantum communication connection.

In addition, the company intends to launch a demonstration of this architecture by connecting at least three processors flamingos in a system of 1,386 qubits.

Through these iterations, they will be able to develop the final processor, which is scheduled for release in 2025. That year, they will present “Kookaburra”, a 1,386-qubit multi-chip processor with a quantum communication link.

As a demonstration to users, IBM will connect three of these semiconductors from one 4,158 qubits associated with quantum communication.

“The combination of these technologies – classical parallelization, multi-chip quantum processors and quantum parallelization – gives us all the ingredients we need to develop our computers, no matter where our roadmap takes us,” the company acknowledges in its press release.

However, she predicted that by 2025 she will have eliminated the major constraints that prevent us from taking our computers to the next level. quantum processors with its modular quantum hardware, control electronics and cryogenic infrastructure.

Finally, the company pointed out that in addition to building these high-capacity and high-capacity systems, it is trying to bring about a paradigm shift in data processing.

“IBM today heralds an era of the quantum-centric supercomputer, where quantum resources (QPU) will be embedded with CPUs and GPUs in a computer framework, “he added.

In conclusion, IBM said that this paradigm shift “would be equivalent to replacing paper maps with GPS satellites.”

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