The authoritarian tendency of the President of the Republic, Kaïs Saïed, was present long before 25 July. Following his providential arrival in Carthage, the new tenant declared the firing season open. A game about setting the palace clock, which the head of state is particularly fond of.
The first to carry the head of this new political spectrum were the head of Tunisian diplomacy and the defense minister, Khemaies Jhinaoui and Abdelkarim Zbidi, in October 2019. The legacy of the late Béji Caïd Essebsi was very heavy for the teacher of constitutional law. the children of the people.
A few months later, as the political crisis worsened and the incumbent government wavered over a no-confidence motion against it in parliament, Elyes Fakhfakh – head of the Kasbah – was pushed to the door. The latter was quick to file a resignation, quickly accepted by the President of the Republic, thus abandoning the one he himself had hoisted to the top.
Two months later, the Kasbah welcomed the foal, carefully selected by the President of the Republic: Hichem Mechichi. The latter already held the post of Minister of the Interior in Elyes Fakhfakh’s government. The idea then was to place a piece of trust to defend his field. Intoxicated by the power allotted to him, Hichem Mechichi decided to spread his wings along with the falcons of Ennahdha until he invaded the territory of his charity. Error! Without hesitation, Kaïs Saïed sent him into oblivion on the evening of July 25, 2021, with, the next day, two other ministers: the Defense; Ibrahim Bartagi, and that of Public Service and Acting Justice; Hasna Ben Slimane.
Here, Kaïs Saïed is now leading an Executive “available” from the controlling power of a legislator to the gates sealed by tanks. The Carthage tenant did not stop there. His rage fully unleashed, he dismissed the chairman of the General Committee of Martyrs and wounded from the revolution and acts of terror Abderrazzak Kilani, the chief of staff of the dismissed head of government Moez Lidinellah Mokaddem, the secretary general of the Mechichi government, Walid Dhahbi, and eight fired advisers to it; Mofdi M’seddi, Zakaria Belkhouja, Salim Tissaoui, Oussema Khériji, Abdessalam Abbassi, Rached Ben Romdhan, Elyes Ghariani and Hassan Ben Amor.
The July wave has also abducted project leaders in the dismissed prime minister’s cabinet, including Mongi Khadhraoui, Nabil Ben Hadid, Mohamed Ali Laroui, Ibtihel Attaoui, Bassem Kchaou, Raoudha Ben Salah, Houssem Eddine Ben Mahmoud, Fathi Bayyar and Besma Daoudi, but not only. Attorney General Director of Military Justice, Taoufik Ayouni, was removed from office by presidential order on July 27, 2021.
Between his takeover of the throne and the launch of his July business, Kaïs Saïed has not been vacant either. Diplomats and other high-ranking officials in the state suddenly saw themselves thrown out like dirt. In December 2019, the Tunisian Ambassador to Paris, Abdelaziz Rassâa and the Tunisian Consul General in France, Ali Chaâlali, were fired from their posts. Others met the same fate. Kaïs Saïed actually had a snowball. In February 2020, the Tunisian Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York, Moncef Bâati – on the post for five months – was recalled. So in December 2021, two presidential decrees put an end to the Tunisian consul’s missions in Paris, Mohamed Taher Arbaoui and his counterpart in Milan, Adel Ben Abdallah.
The parade also went through Carthage. Several thanks disguised as resignations shook the seat of power. In addition to Ismaïl Bedioui, there are several other departures from the presidential cabinet, including Tarek Bettaïebs, Mohamed Salah Hamdi, Aberraouf Betbib, Rachida Ennaifer, Héla Lahbib and Rym Kacem. Kaïs Saïed also accepted the resignation of some of his advisers, most notably Mohamed Salah Hamdi, his national security adviser. The departure that caused the most noise, however, is still that of Kaïs Saïed’s chief of staff, Nadia Akecha. She said she threw the towel in the ring “for differences of opinion”.
The dismissal decisions also resonated elsewhere in constitutional and public institutions, beginning with the president of the National Anti-Corruption Authority (Inlcc) Chawki Tabib. He had been fired by Elyes Fakhfakh, the outgoing head of government appointed by Kaïs Saïed. He had then acquired the right to dismiss the lawyer on suspicion of fraud, even though he lacked jurisdiction in this case. Imed Boukhris, who was then appointed to replace Mr Tabib, was unworthy and the post was quickly withdrawn from him without explanation.
Then it was the turn of the public media companies. Just yesterday, the head of Tunisian radio, Chokri Cheniti, was fired from his post and all his appointment decisions – convicted “November” – cancelled. Earlier in July last year, National Television CEO Lassaâd Dahech suffered the same fate.
The list is still long, but we can not ignore the series of redundancies carried out by Kaïs Saïed in the Governors’ Corps. Several have still not been replaced since after July 25th. A total of twelve governors were affected: Tunis, Bizerte, Ben Arous, Zaghouan, Monastir, Médenine, Sfax, Sidi Bouzid, Kébili, Gabès, Gafsa and Médenine, whose governors were Chedly Bouallègue, Mohamed Gouider, Salah Maïtira, i, Sebri, Habib Chaouat, Anis Oueslati, Moncef Chelaghmia, Mohamed Sedki Bououn, Mongi Thameur, Sami El Ghabi.
Only Bizerte and Ben Arous were able to take advantage of the considerations of the President of the Republic, who placed two of his supporters, Samir Abdellaoui and Ezzedine Chelbi, for services rendered during the election campaign, which raised Kaïs Saïed to the top of power.