Sycamore 1 million times slower than Zuchongzhi 2

Technology giant China dumps Japan’s Fugaku and Google’s Sycamore (a quantum processor) and ranks first in the world’s most powerful and fastest computer ranking with the development of Zuchongzhi 2.

Zuchongzhi 2 Chinese or War of the Powers with the most powerful quantum computer

China is making an incredible breakthrough in computer technologies as the country seeks to be less and less dependent on foreign technology. With a high level of performance and versatility, Beijing has just unveiled by 2022 its supercomputer called Zuchongzhi 2, which has already made it possible to achieve positive results ahead of the West. Chinese supremacy over quantum computers is clear, and Chinese researchers and companies are said to have far more patents on quantum technologies than Americans and Europeans.

Beijing has done its part with significant investment in this precedent-setting technology. In 2021, a Chinese government directive revealed by the Financial Times indicates that all foreign hardware and software in the country’s administration must be replaced by their domestic counterparts. The Chinese Zuchongzhi 2 would be 10 million times faster than Sycamore, more powerful on certain calculations and would have the advantage of being fully operational at room temperature. Its performance is explained by its approach, optically, different from Google’s cooled metal superconductors.

There would even be enough space to further increase the power of this processor. This high-tech beast is equipped with a 66-qubit quantum processor that is said to be 10 million times faster than the best supercomputer in the world. For example, in “a single” millisecond, Zuchongzhi 2 can calculate a task that the world’s fastest conventional computer would take 30,000 billion years to perform. Or, the machine can theoretically calculate random times on 66 chessboards simultaneously – an impossible mission for any computer today.

Response to Donald Trump’s Huawei ban?

Its processor was developed by Chinese researchers from the Center of Excellence in Information and Quantum Physics at the Academy of Sciences in collaboration with several research centers in Shanghai. The Trump administration’s measures that banished Chinese technology giant Huawei from US territory, and then those that withdrew their Google license for Android, played a part in Beijing’s decision to separate from “foreign technologies” in all its public administrations.

The United States justified the ban on Huawei on the grounds of espionage, and Beijing certainly fears the same from the Americans.

Understand the race for quantum computers

Why are quantum computers so important today in a world marked by the rise of espionage and data recovery?

The potential of quantum computers is enormous. In fact, unbreakable cryptographic problems could be solved in no time. Some experts claim that quantum computers could crack the highly secure decentralized blockchain of the Bitcoin cryptocurrency in no time. Artificial intelligence and machine learning will benefit from huge innovations thanks to this technology, just like medicine and chemistry.

Supercomputers are also commonly used by the US and Chinese military to analyze certain scenarios to perfect military tools for all sorts of situations.

IBM will position itself with 1000 qubits by the end of 2023

Quantities are also used regularly to study geographic environments and ocean data to update certain predictive trends.

Some of these tasks would still take a long time, even with the most modern supercomputers. “Even the smallest computer particles need time to go from 1 to 0,” Nextgov notes.

However, quantum computers could overcome the physical limits of binary computer systems by creating a superposition of the values ​​1 and 0. Superconducting quantum computers use qubits that achieve a linear combination of the two states (1 and 0) of a quantum mechanical phenomenon. In other words, qubits can be both 1 and 0. At the same time.

The current generation of quantum computers uses about 50 qubits. To crack an advanced code, thousands of qubits would be needed. In November, the American technology company IBM reportedly made a 127-qubit superconducting quantum computer and will unveil a 400-qubit this year. By 2023, IBM plans to have 1,000 qubits.

Given the growing relevance of these processes as the Fourth Industrial Revolution picks up, it is no exaggeration to say that quantum computers will play a central role in important societal functions, from defense research to the advancement of scientists.

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